Next Article in Journal
Unpaid Caregiving and Labor Force Participation among Chinese Middle-Aged Adults
Previous Article in Journal
A Conceptual Model of Long-Term Weight Loss Maintenance: The Importance of Cognitive, Empirical and Computational Approaches
Previous Article in Special Issue
Exploring the Role of Personal Demands in the Health-Impairment Process of the Job Demands-Resources Model: A Study among Master Students
Open AccessArticle

Social Support, Health Literacy and Depressive Symptoms among Medical Students: An Analysis of Mediating Effects

1
School of Public Health, Nantong University, Nantong 210029, China
2
Macquarie University Centre for the Health Economy, Macquarie Business School, Macquarie University, Macquarie Park, NSW 2109, Australia
3
Department of Health Systems and Populations, Macquarie University, Macquarie Park, NSW 2109, Australia
4
School of Sciences, Nantong University, Nantong 210029, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(2), 633; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020633
Received: 5 December 2020 / Revised: 6 January 2021 / Accepted: 11 January 2021 / Published: 13 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mental Health of Child and Young People)
Depressive symptoms are prevalent in university students and may impair their social, educational, and economic transition into adulthood. Identifying the factors that determine depressive symptoms is crucial for the design of effective policy interventions. This study aims to examine the associations between health literacy and depressive symptoms among medical students, and to evaluate the effect of different types of social support as a potential mediator. A cross-sectional survey of medical students was conducted through convenience sampling in East China. Associations between variables were explored using OLS and the mediation effect was estimated using the Karlson, Holm and Breen method. A total of 746 valid questionnaires were collected. The prevalence of depressive symptoms among the sample was 32.4%. Higher health literacy levels and social supports were significantly associated with lower levels of depressive symptoms. Social support partially mediated the association between health literacy and depressive symptoms, accounting for a 54.03% of the total effect size. These findings suggest that interventions for medical student mental wellbeing could improve health literacy. Whilst family support reflects greatest impact, Universities can also lead and innovate novel interventions for this critical stage of life. Future research can extend this study by exploring the dynamic interactions between health literacy, depressive symptoms, and other sources of social support. Comparisons of these findings across the different regions of China and in other university subject disciplines are also warranted. View Full-Text
Keywords: health literacy; social support; depressive symptoms; mediation effects; medical students health literacy; social support; depressive symptoms; mediation effects; medical students
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Zhong, Y.; Schroeder, E.; Gao, Y.; Guo, X.; Gu, Y. Social Support, Health Literacy and Depressive Symptoms among Medical Students: An Analysis of Mediating Effects. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 633.

AMA Style

Zhong Y, Schroeder E, Gao Y, Guo X, Gu Y. Social Support, Health Literacy and Depressive Symptoms among Medical Students: An Analysis of Mediating Effects. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(2):633.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhong, Yaqin; Schroeder, Elizabeth; Gao, Yuexia; Guo, Xiaojun; Gu, Yuanyuan. 2021. "Social Support, Health Literacy and Depressive Symptoms among Medical Students: An Analysis of Mediating Effects" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 2: 633.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop