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Article

Combining Child Functioning Data with Learning and Support Needs Data to Create Disability-Identification Algorithms in Fiji’s Education Management Information System

Nossal Institute for Global Health, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC 3000, Australia
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Academic Editor: Stefan Nilsson
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(17), 9413; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179413
Received: 5 July 2021 / Revised: 31 August 2021 / Accepted: 3 September 2021 / Published: 6 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Measuring Disability and Disability Inclusive Development)
Disability disaggregation of Fiji’s Education Management Information System (FEMIS) is required to determine eligibility for inclusive education grants. Data from the UNICEF/Washington Group Child Functioning Module (CFM) alone is not accurate enough to identify disabilities for this purpose. This study explores whether combining activity and participation data from the CFM with data on environmental factors specific to learning and support needs (LSN) more accurately identifies children with disabilities. A survey on questions related to children’s LSN (personal assistance, adaptations to learning, or assessment and assistive technology) was administered to teachers within a broader diagnostic accuracy study. Descriptive statistics and correlations were used to analyze relationships between functioning and LSN. While CFM data are useful in distinguishing between disability domains, LSN data are useful in strengthening the accuracy of disability severity data and, crucially, in identifying which children have disability amongst those reported as having some difficulty on the CFM. Combining activity and participation data from the CFM with environmental factors data through algorithms may increase the accuracy of domain-specific disability identification. Amongst children reported as having some difficulty on the CFM, those with disabilities are effectively identified through the addition of LSN data. View Full-Text
Keywords: child functioning module; learning-support needs; disability-inclusive education; Education Management Information System; Fiji child functioning module; learning-support needs; disability-inclusive education; Education Management Information System; Fiji
MDPI and ACS Style

Sprunt, B.; Marella, M. Combining Child Functioning Data with Learning and Support Needs Data to Create Disability-Identification Algorithms in Fiji’s Education Management Information System. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9413. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179413

AMA Style

Sprunt B, Marella M. Combining Child Functioning Data with Learning and Support Needs Data to Create Disability-Identification Algorithms in Fiji’s Education Management Information System. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(17):9413. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179413

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sprunt, Beth, and Manjula Marella. 2021. "Combining Child Functioning Data with Learning and Support Needs Data to Create Disability-Identification Algorithms in Fiji’s Education Management Information System" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 17: 9413. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179413

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