Next Article in Journal
Impact of Surgical Table Orientation on Flow Disruptions and Movement Patterns during Pediatric Outpatient Surgeries
Next Article in Special Issue
Secondary Dentin Formation Mechanism: The Effect of Attrition
Previous Article in Journal
Occurrence, Distribution, and Ecological Risk Assessment of Antibiotics in Different Environmental Media in Anqing, Anhui Province, China
Previous Article in Special Issue
Different Risk Factors for Erosive Tooth Wear in Rural and Urban Nepal: A National Study
Review

Oral Health Interventions in Patients with a Mental Health Disorder: A Scoping Review with Critical Appraisal of the Literature

1
Research Group Healthcare & Innovation in Psychiatry, Department of Healthcare, NHL Stenden University of Applied Sciences, Rengerslaan 8-10, 8900 CG Leeuwarden, The Netherlands
2
Department of Clinical Psychology and Experimental Psychopathology, University of Groningen, Grote Kruisstraat 2/1, 9712 TS Groningen, The Netherlands
3
KieN VIP, Oosterkade 72, 8911 KJ Leeuwarden, The Netherlands
4
Dimence Mental Health Care, Burgemeester Roelenweg 9, 8021 EV Zwolle, The Netherlands
5
Health Sciences-Nursing Science & Education, University Medical Centre Groningen, Hanzeplein 1, P.O. Box 30.001, 9700 RB Groningen, The Netherlands
6
Lentis Research, Lentis Psychiatric Institute, Hereweg 80, 9725 AG Groningen, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gianrico Spagnuolo
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(15), 8113; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18158113
Received: 23 June 2021 / Revised: 17 July 2021 / Accepted: 19 July 2021 / Published: 30 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Collection Oral and Public Health)
Poor oral health affects quality of life and daily functioning in the general population and especially in patients with mental health disorders. Due to the high burden of oral health-related quality of life in patients with a mental health disorder, it is important for nurses to know how they can intervene in an early phase. The aim of this systematic scoping review was to identify and appraise oral health interventions in patients with a mental health disorder. A systematic scoping review with a critical appraisal of the literature was conducted using the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) methodology for scoping reviews and their checklists. MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO and reference lists were searched from their inception until December 2020. Results: Eleven quantitative studies were included in the review: four randomized controlled trials, six quasi-experimental studies and one cohort study. Studies focused on interventions for patients (n = 8) or focused on patients together with their professionals (n = 3). Four types of oral health interventions in mental health were found: (I) educational interventions; (II) physical interventions; (III) interventions combining behavioural and educational elements and (IV) interventions combining educational and physical elements. All studies (n = 11) had an evaluation period ≤12 months. Nine studies showed an effect on the short term (≤12 months) with regard to oral health knowledge, oral health behaviour, or physical oral health outcomes (e.g., plaque index). Two studies showed no effects on any outcome. Overall, the methodological insufficient to good. Conclusion: Four types of interventions with positive effects (≤12 months) on oral health knowledge, oral health behaviour, and physical oral health outcomes in different diagnostic patient groups were found. Due to the heterogeneity in both interventions, diagnostic groups and outcomes, one golden standard oral health intervention cannot be advised yet, although the methodological quality of studies seems sufficient. Developing an integrated oral health toolkit might be of great importance in mental health considering its potential effect on oral health-related quality of life. View Full-Text
Keywords: oral health; prevention; nursing; quality of life; mental disorders; psychiatric nursing oral health; prevention; nursing; quality of life; mental disorders; psychiatric nursing
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Kuipers, S.; Boonstra, N.; Kronenberg, L.; Keuning-Plantinga, A.; Castelein, S. Oral Health Interventions in Patients with a Mental Health Disorder: A Scoping Review with Critical Appraisal of the Literature. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 8113. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18158113

AMA Style

Kuipers S, Boonstra N, Kronenberg L, Keuning-Plantinga A, Castelein S. Oral Health Interventions in Patients with a Mental Health Disorder: A Scoping Review with Critical Appraisal of the Literature. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(15):8113. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18158113

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kuipers, Sonja, Nynke Boonstra, Linda Kronenberg, Annette Keuning-Plantinga, and Stynke Castelein. 2021. "Oral Health Interventions in Patients with a Mental Health Disorder: A Scoping Review with Critical Appraisal of the Literature" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 15: 8113. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18158113

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop