Next Article in Journal
The Correlation between Chinese Written Vocabulary Size and Cognitive, Emotional and Behavioral Factors in Primary School Students
Next Article in Special Issue
Sleep Disorders in Cancer—A Systematic Review
Previous Article in Journal
Long-Term Psychological Effects of COVID-19 Pandemic on Children in Jordan
Previous Article in Special Issue
Accuracy of a Smartphone Application Measuring Snoring in Adults—How Smart Is It Actually?
Article

The Mediator Role of Routines on the Relationship between General Procrastination, Academic Procrastination and Perceived Importance of Sleep and Bedtime Procrastination

1
Psychology Research Center, School of Psychology, Campus de Gualtar, University of Minho, 4710-052 Braga, Portugal
2
Faculty of Psychology, University of Oviedo, 33003 Oviedo, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Kneginja Richter and Antje Büttner-Teleagă
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(15), 7796; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157796
Received: 28 April 2021 / Revised: 16 July 2021 / Accepted: 21 July 2021 / Published: 22 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Treatment of Insomnia and Sleep Disorders)
Background: Sleep plays a key role in our overall function, and sleep insufficiency has been highlighted as a major health issue. ‘Bedtime procrastination’—i.e., needlessly delaying the time one goes to bed without external reasons—is one reason for sleep insufficiency. The present research aims to explore the interrelationships among Bedtime Procrastination, other domains of Procrastination, and routine-related variables. Methods: The mediating effects of Wake-up Time and Dinner Time on the relationship between Bedtime Procrastination and General Procrastination, Academic Procrastination, and Perceived Importance of Sleep were tested. Self-reported questionnaires were used, and the sample comprised of 446 university students. Results: A partial mediation model was found. General Procrastination, Academic Procrastination, and Perceived Importance of Sleep showed direct effects on Bedtime Procrastination. Moreover, Academic and General Procrastination were positively associated with Bedtime Procrastination, whereas Perceived Importance of Sleep was negatively associated with Bedtime Procrastination. Indirect effects of the Perceived Importance of Sleep and General Procrastination, as mediated by Wake-up Time and Dinner Time, on Bedtime Procrastination were also found. Conclusions: Personal routines (Wake-up Time and Dinner Time) along with individual characteristics (General and Academic Procrastination) and beliefs (perceived importance of sleep) may affect Bedtime Procrastination. Present results highlight the complexity of Bedtime Procrastination. View Full-Text
Keywords: bedtime procrastination; academic procrastination; general procrastination; sleep; university students bedtime procrastination; academic procrastination; general procrastination; sleep; university students
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Magalhães, P.; Pereira, B.; Oliveira, A.; Santos, D.; Núñez, J.C.; Rosário, P. The Mediator Role of Routines on the Relationship between General Procrastination, Academic Procrastination and Perceived Importance of Sleep and Bedtime Procrastination. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7796. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157796

AMA Style

Magalhães P, Pereira B, Oliveira A, Santos D, Núñez JC, Rosário P. The Mediator Role of Routines on the Relationship between General Procrastination, Academic Procrastination and Perceived Importance of Sleep and Bedtime Procrastination. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(15):7796. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157796

Chicago/Turabian Style

Magalhães, Paula, Beatriz Pereira, André Oliveira, David Santos, José C. Núñez, and Pedro Rosário. 2021. "The Mediator Role of Routines on the Relationship between General Procrastination, Academic Procrastination and Perceived Importance of Sleep and Bedtime Procrastination" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 15: 7796. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157796

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop