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Article

Long-Term Psychological Effects of COVID-19 Pandemic on Children in Jordan

School of Sport Sciences, The University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Achraf Ammar, Khaled Trabelsi, Mohamed Jmaiel and Aimen Khacharem
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(15), 7795; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157795
Received: 29 June 2021 / Revised: 13 July 2021 / Accepted: 18 July 2021 / Published: 22 July 2021
Millions of children and adolescents have been affected worldwide by quarantine, school closures, and social distancing measures which have been implemented by many countries to control the spread of COVID-19. However, the long-term consequences of such procedures on children’s well-being are not clear. Therefore, this study investigated the psychological impacts of COVID-19 on Jordanian children between the ages of 5–11 years old. A total of 1309 parents with children between the ages of 5 and 11 years old filled in an online survey that included a set of questions to measure their children’s behaviour and emotions before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Being bored (77.5%), irritable (66%), likely to argue with the rest of the family (60.7%), nervous (54.8%), reluctant (54.2%), and lonely (52.4%) were the most frequently reported symptoms compared to the pre-COVID-19 period. Parents reported that screen use of ≥120 min a day was shown among 48.9% of children and 42% of children did <30 min a day of physical activity. ≤8 h of sleep per night was reported among 42.5% of children compared to pre COVID-19. The results emphasized the importance of developing preventative psychological programs to minimize the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on children’s psychological well-being. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; psychological impacts; 5–11 year old children; school closure; screen time usage; physical activity COVID-19; psychological impacts; 5–11 year old children; school closure; screen time usage; physical activity
MDPI and ACS Style

Al-Rahamneh, H.; Arafa, L.; Al Orani, A.; Baqleh, R. Long-Term Psychological Effects of COVID-19 Pandemic on Children in Jordan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7795. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157795

AMA Style

Al-Rahamneh H, Arafa L, Al Orani A, Baqleh R. Long-Term Psychological Effects of COVID-19 Pandemic on Children in Jordan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(15):7795. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157795

Chicago/Turabian Style

Al-Rahamneh, Harran, Lubna Arafa, Anas Al Orani, and Rahaf Baqleh. 2021. "Long-Term Psychological Effects of COVID-19 Pandemic on Children in Jordan" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 15: 7795. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157795

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