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Article

The Correlation between Chinese Written Vocabulary Size and Cognitive, Emotional and Behavioral Factors in Primary School Students

1
Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China
2
Department of Prevention and Treatment for Common Disease, Guangzhou Health Promotion Center for Primary and Secondary School, Guangzhou 510080, China
3
Children’s Health Care Department, National Center for Women and Children’s Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100081, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Simona De Stasio and Carmen Berenguer
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(15), 7797; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157797
Received: 12 June 2021 / Revised: 19 July 2021 / Accepted: 20 July 2021 / Published: 22 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Childhood Education and Care)
Written vocabulary size plays a key role in children’s reading development. We aim to study the relationship between Chinese written vocabulary size and cognitive, emotional, and behavioral factors in primary school students. Using stratified cluster sampling, 1162 pupils from Grade 2~5 in Guangzhou were investigated. Chinese written vocabulary size, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral factors were assessed by the Chinese written vocabulary size assessment scale, the dyslexia checklist for Chinese children (DCCC) and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), respectively. The scores of visual word recognition deficit (β = −3.32, 95% CI: −5.98, −0.66) and meaning comprehension deficit (β = −6.52, 95% CI: −9.39, −3.64) were negatively associated with Chinese written vocabulary size; the score of visual word recognition deficit (odds ratio (OR) = 1.04, 95% CI: 1.02, 1.07) was the related factor of a delay in written vocabulary size. The score of meaning comprehension deficit was negatively associated with boys’ Chinese written vocabulary size, while the score of auditory word recognition deficit was negatively associated with girls’ Chinese written vocabulary size. The related factor of a delay in written vocabulary size was spelling deficit in boys and visual word recognition deficit in girls. There is a significant correlation between Chinese written vocabulary size and cognitive factors, but not emotional and behavioral factors in primary school students and these correlations are different when considering gender. View Full-Text
Keywords: Chinese character; written vocabulary size; emotional factor; behavioral factor; child Chinese character; written vocabulary size; emotional factor; behavioral factor; child
MDPI and ACS Style

Pan, N.; Guo, Y.; Ma, J.; Fan, X.; Yin, Z.; Xu, X.; Cai, L.; Zhang, Y.; Li, X. The Correlation between Chinese Written Vocabulary Size and Cognitive, Emotional and Behavioral Factors in Primary School Students. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7797. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157797

AMA Style

Pan N, Guo Y, Ma J, Fan X, Yin Z, Xu X, Cai L, Zhang Y, Li X. The Correlation between Chinese Written Vocabulary Size and Cognitive, Emotional and Behavioral Factors in Primary School Students. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(15):7797. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157797

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pan, Ning, Yangfeng Guo, Jingwen Ma, Xiaoxuan Fan, Zhixin Yin, Xiaoyu Xu, Lei Cai, Yue Zhang, and Xiuhong Li. 2021. "The Correlation between Chinese Written Vocabulary Size and Cognitive, Emotional and Behavioral Factors in Primary School Students" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 15: 7797. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157797

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