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Article

Proposal for Modeling Motivational Strategies for Autonomy Support in Physical Education

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Sport Research Center, Sport Sciences Department, Miguel Hernández University of Elche, Avda. de la Universidad, s/n, 03202 Elche, Spain
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Sport Research Center, Miguel Hernández University of Elche, Avda. de la Universidad, s/n, 03202 Elche, Spain
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Department of Health Psychology, Miguel Hernández University of Elche, Avda. de la Universidad, s/n, 03202 Elche, Spain
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Sport Research Center, Department of Health Psychology, Miguel Hernández University of Elche, Avda. de la Universidad, s/n, 03202 Elche, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mirja Hirvensalo
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(14), 7717; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147717
Received: 3 June 2021 / Revised: 16 July 2021 / Accepted: 16 July 2021 / Published: 20 July 2021
The motivational style that teachers adopt during their interactions with their students in class can have a significant influence on the search for optimal and balanced development. Knowing the role of motivation in generating positive change, the key is to define the strategies that constitute an adaptive motivational style of teaching. The aim of this study was to design and validate the set of motivational strategies to support autonomy that are framed within the Self-Determination Theory in the context of physical education classes. For this purpose, a five-phase process was designed and carried out in one study involving different samples of experts, teachers and students. On the one hand, 25 autonomy-supportive motivational strategies were obtained and organized according to their perceived difficulty. We also analyzed the importance attributed by teachers and the difficulty of implementing them, as well as the autonomy support perceived by students through these strategies. The results obtained made it possible to present a behavior-optimizing solution consisting of a progression of 25 autonomy support strategies. The results obtained are discussed in terms of their value in the design of educational scenarios that promote high-quality student motivation. View Full-Text
Keywords: motivation; interpersonal style; self-determination; physical education; adolescents motivation; interpersonal style; self-determination; physical education; adolescents
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MDPI and ACS Style

Moreno-Murcia, J.A.; Barrachina-Peris, J.; Ballester Campillo, M.; Estévez, E.; Huéscar, E. Proposal for Modeling Motivational Strategies for Autonomy Support in Physical Education. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7717. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147717

AMA Style

Moreno-Murcia JA, Barrachina-Peris J, Ballester Campillo M, Estévez E, Huéscar E. Proposal for Modeling Motivational Strategies for Autonomy Support in Physical Education. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(14):7717. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147717

Chicago/Turabian Style

Moreno-Murcia, Juan A., Julio Barrachina-Peris, Manuel Ballester Campillo, Estefanía Estévez, and Elisa Huéscar. 2021. "Proposal for Modeling Motivational Strategies for Autonomy Support in Physical Education" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 14: 7717. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147717

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