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Article

Mental Health Difficulties and Countermeasures during the Coronavirus Disease Pandemic in Japan: A Nationwide Questionnaire Survey of Mental Health and Psychiatric Institutions

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Department of Neuropsychiatry, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 8128582, Japan
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Department of Psychiatry, Kyushu University Hospital, Fukuoka 8128582, Japan
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Department of Disaster and Community Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 3058577, Japan
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Psychiatric & Mental Health Nursing, Graduate School of Nursing, St. Luke’s International University, Tokyo 1040044, Japan
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Department of Mental Health, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 1130033, Japan
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Department of Psychiatry, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo 0600808, Japan
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Department of Psychiatry, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto 6028566, Japan
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National Center for Cognitive Behavior Therapy and Research, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Tokyo 1878551, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(14), 7318; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147318
Received: 3 June 2021 / Revised: 3 July 2021 / Accepted: 6 July 2021 / Published: 8 July 2021
The number of people with coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has been increasing worldwide. Anxiety about potential infection, fear of severe illness, death, economic problems, and loneliness and isolation brought on by social distancing are increasingly being experienced by people. Therefore, it is imperative to address and improve such mental health-related problems during COVID-19. We aimed to investigate the current mental health care and psychological intervention statuses related to COVID-19 in Japan. In a questionnaire survey, 55 of 69 (80%) mental health and welfare centers and 194 of 931 (21%) psychiatric institutions across Japan responded. COVID-19 patients, their family members, and the general public often consulted the mental health and welfare institutions through telephone. The questionnaire included various information of mental health difficulties related to COVID-19 such as the numbers and contents of the consultations, and the type of the interventions. The contents of consultation included psychological symptoms (anxiety, depression, insomnia, and alcohol problems) and psychosocial problems (interpersonal problems, prejudice, and discrimination). Overall, 9% of mental health and welfare centers provided psychological first aid as psychological intervention and 28% of consultations involved cases requiring urgent care. In Japan, consultations about COVID-19-related mental health problems occurred mainly in mental health and welfare centers. There is urgent need to establish a system that enables mental health triage and brief psychological interventions that are feasible in the centers. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; mental health; questionnaire survey; mental health and welfare centers; psychological intervention COVID-19; mental health; questionnaire survey; mental health and welfare centers; psychological intervention
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nakao, T.; Murayama, K.; Takahashi, S.; Kayama, M.; Nishi, D.; Horinouchi, T.; Oya, N.; Kuga, H. Mental Health Difficulties and Countermeasures during the Coronavirus Disease Pandemic in Japan: A Nationwide Questionnaire Survey of Mental Health and Psychiatric Institutions. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7318. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147318

AMA Style

Nakao T, Murayama K, Takahashi S, Kayama M, Nishi D, Horinouchi T, Oya N, Kuga H. Mental Health Difficulties and Countermeasures during the Coronavirus Disease Pandemic in Japan: A Nationwide Questionnaire Survey of Mental Health and Psychiatric Institutions. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(14):7318. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147318

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nakao, Tomohiro, Keitaro Murayama, Sho Takahashi, Mami Kayama, Daisuke Nishi, Toru Horinouchi, Nozomu Oya, and Hironori Kuga. 2021. "Mental Health Difficulties and Countermeasures during the Coronavirus Disease Pandemic in Japan: A Nationwide Questionnaire Survey of Mental Health and Psychiatric Institutions" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 14: 7318. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147318

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