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Open AccessArticle

The Mediational Role of Burden and Perceived Stress in Subjective Memory Complaints in Informal Cancer Caregivers

1
Junta asociada provincial de Valencia de la Asociación Española contra el Cáncer, 46010 Valencia, Spain
2
Psychobiology Department, Universitat de València, 46010 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(7), 2190; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072190
Received: 21 February 2020 / Revised: 17 March 2020 / Accepted: 21 March 2020 / Published: 25 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wellness and Health Promotion)
The role of informal caregiver of cancer patients is considered a situation of chronic stress that could have impact on cognitive functioning. Our aim was to evaluate differences in perceived stress, subjective memory complaints, self-esteem, and resilience between caregivers and non-caregivers, as well as the possible mediational role of burden in caregivers. The sample was composed of 60 participants divided into two groups: (1) Primary informal caregivers of a relative with cancer (CCG) (n = 34); and (2) non-caregiver control subjects (Non-CG) (n = 26). All participants were evaluated through a battery of tests: Socio-demographic questionnaire, subjective memory complaints questionnaire (MFE-30), Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, resilience (CD-RISC-10), and perceived stress scale (PSS). The CCG group also completed the Zarit burden interview. Results indicated that CCG displayed higher scores than Non-CG in MFE-30 (p = 0.000) and PSS (p = 0.005). In the CCG group, Pearson correlations indicated that PSS showed a negative relationship with resilience (p = 0.000) and self-esteem (p = 0.002) and positive correlation with caregiver’s burden (p = 0.015). In conclusion, CCG displayed higher number of subjective memory complaints and higher perceived stress than Non-CG, whereas no significant differences were obtained on self-esteem and resilience. These results could aid in designing new intervention strategies aimed to diminish stress, burden, or cognitive effects in informal caregivers of cancer patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: cancer caregivers; burden; memory complaints; perceived stress; resilience; self-esteem cancer caregivers; burden; memory complaints; perceived stress; resilience; self-esteem
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Ramos-Campos, M.; Redolat, R.; Mesa-Gresa, P. The Mediational Role of Burden and Perceived Stress in Subjective Memory Complaints in Informal Cancer Caregivers. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2190.

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