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Open AccessArticle

Occupational Factors Associated with Health-Related Quality of Life in Nursing Professionals: A Multi-Centre Study

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Department of Nursing Science, Physiotherapy and Medicine, University of Almería, 04120 Almería, Spain
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Department of Nursing, University of Huelva, 21071 Huelva, Spain
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Associate Researcher, Faculty of Health Science, Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Temuco 4780000, Chile
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Adult, Child and Midwifery Department, School of Health and Education, Middlesex University, London NW4 4BT, UK
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(3), 982; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030982
Received: 6 January 2020 / Revised: 31 January 2020 / Accepted: 2 February 2020 / Published: 5 February 2020
Background: Nursing professionals are exposed to stressful situations arising from the work context that may affect health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The objective of this study was to analyse the relationship between sociodemographic and work-related variables regarding HRQoL in nursing professionals. Methods: A multi-centre, cross-sectional descriptive design was used. The participants consisted 1521 nurses working in healthcare centres, in both primary care and hospital care, in the eight provinces of the Andalusian Public Health System (APHS), Spain. Sociodemographic and work-related variables were analysed: Compassion fatigue, compassion satisfaction and burnout were measured using the professional quality of life questionnaire (ProQOL), and HRQoL was measured using the SF-12 health questionnaire. Results: Compassion fatigue, burnou, and, to a lesser extent, compassion satisfaction significantly influence the physical and mental components of HRQoL. The simple regression analysis showed that burnout and compassion fatigue were significantly associated with the mental component of HRQoL. Gender influenced the mental component of HRQoL. The rest of the sociodemographic and work-related variables were not significantly related to HRQoL. Conclusion: Work-related stress and repeated contact with situations of suffering influence HRQoL. Health systems must implement programmes to increase the emotional well-being of workers. View Full-Text
Keywords: nursing; health profession; quality of life; professional quality of life; compassion fatigue; burnout; compassion satisfaction nursing; health profession; quality of life; professional quality of life; compassion fatigue; burnout; compassion satisfaction
MDPI and ACS Style

Ruiz-Fernández, M.D.; Ortega-Galán, Á.M.; Fernández-Sola, C.; Hernández-Padilla, J.M.; Granero-Molina, J.; Ramos-Pichardo, J.D. Occupational Factors Associated with Health-Related Quality of Life in Nursing Professionals: A Multi-Centre Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 982.

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