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Open AccessArticle

Psychological Symptomatology in Informal Caregivers of Persons with Dementia: Influences on Health-Related Quality of Life

1
Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Extremadura, 10071 Cáceres, Spain
2
University School of Education and Tourism, University of Salamanca, 05003 Avila, Spain
3
CIBER of Frailty and Healthy Aging (CIBERFES), 28029 Madrid, Spain
4
International Institute for Innovation in Aging, 10071 Caceres, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(3), 1078; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17031078
Received: 19 December 2019 / Revised: 24 January 2020 / Accepted: 5 February 2020 / Published: 8 February 2020
Informal caregivers of persons with dementia often report high levels of anxiety, depression and burden. Nonetheless, other less evaluated psychological symptoms might also influence their health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The aim of this study was to comprehensively analyse other psychological symptoms and their influence on the health-related quality of life of informal caregivers. Fifty-four informal women caregivers and fifty-six women non-caregivers were recruited to participate in the study. Psychological symptoms were assessed using the Symptom Check-List-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) questionnaire and the HRQoL with the EuroQoL-Five Dimensions and Three Levels (EurQoL-5D-3L) questionnaire. Significant between-group differences were found in the majority of scales in the SCL-90-R questionnaire (p < 0.01) and caregivers also reported a worse HRQoL than non-caregivers (p < 0.05). Several psychological symptoms such as obsession-compulsive (β = 0.47), hostility (β = 0.59), and somatization (β = −0.49) had a significant impact on caregivers’ HRQoL (R2 explained between 0.17 and 0.30 of the variance). Caregivers are at a higher risk of suffering other psychological symptoms and show a moderate–high level of psychiatric morbidity, which therefore explains the poorer HRQoL outcomes. Supporting interventions should be provided to mitigate these psychological symptoms in order to improve their general distress and HRQoL. View Full-Text
Keywords: informal caregivers; Alzheimer’s disease; psychological symptomatology; quality of life; discomfort informal caregivers; Alzheimer’s disease; psychological symptomatology; quality of life; discomfort
MDPI and ACS Style

Madruga, M.; Gozalo, M.; Prieto, J.; Adsuar, J.C.; Gusi, N. Psychological Symptomatology in Informal Caregivers of Persons with Dementia: Influences on Health-Related Quality of Life. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1078.

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