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Article

Anxiety, Depression and Quality of Life in Older Adults: Trajectories of Influence across Age

1
Center for Health Technology and Services Research (CINTESIS), Department of Education and Psychology, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
2
Center for Health Technology and Services Research (CINTESIS), Institute of Biomedical Sciences Abel Salazar, Department of Population Studies, University of Porto, 4050-313 Porto, Portugal
3
Center for Health Technology and Services Research (CINTESIS), School of Education, Polytechnic Institute of Viseu (ESEV.IPV), 3504-510 Viseu, Portugal
4
National Centre of Epidemiology, Carlos III Health Institute and CIBERNED, 28029 Madrid, Spain
5
Aging Research Center, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet and REDISSEC, 17165 Solna, Sweden
6
National Centre of Epidemiology, Carlos III Health Institute and REDISSEC, 28029 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(23), 9039; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17239039
Received: 14 October 2020 / Revised: 30 November 2020 / Accepted: 2 December 2020 / Published: 4 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Active/Healthy Ageing and Quality of Life)
This study focuses on the influence of anxiety and depression on individual trajectories of quality of life in old age through a longitudinal approach. A representative sample of adults aged 50+ living in Portugal and participating in wave 4 (W4) and wave 6 (W6) of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) project was considered. Participants, 1765 at baseline (W4) and 1201 at follow up (W6), were asked about their quality of life (CASP-12) and emotional status (Euro-D scale; five items from the Beck Anxiety Inventory). Linear Mixed Effects models were performed to identify factors associated with changes in quality of life across age. Increasing age was found to have a significant negative effect on quality of life. Lower education and higher levels of depression and anxiety at baseline were also associated with worse quality of life; 42.1% of the variation of CASP-12 across age was explained by fixed and random effects, being depression followed by anxiety as the factors that presented with the highest relative importance. Both depression and anxiety play an important role in quality of life in older adults and must be acknowledged as important intervention domains to foster healthy and active aging. View Full-Text
Keywords: mental health; longitudinal; SHARE; CASP-12; elderly; Portugal mental health; longitudinal; SHARE; CASP-12; elderly; Portugal
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ribeiro, O.; Teixeira, L.; Araújo, L.; Rodríguez-Blázquez, C.; Calderón-Larrañaga, A.; Forjaz, M.J. Anxiety, Depression and Quality of Life in Older Adults: Trajectories of Influence across Age. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 9039. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17239039

AMA Style

Ribeiro O, Teixeira L, Araújo L, Rodríguez-Blázquez C, Calderón-Larrañaga A, Forjaz MJ. Anxiety, Depression and Quality of Life in Older Adults: Trajectories of Influence across Age. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(23):9039. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17239039

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ribeiro, Oscar, Laetitia Teixeira, Lia Araújo, Carmen Rodríguez-Blázquez, Amaia Calderón-Larrañaga, and Maria João Forjaz. 2020. "Anxiety, Depression and Quality of Life in Older Adults: Trajectories of Influence across Age" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 23: 9039. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17239039

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