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Article

Validation and Analysis of the European Quality Questionnaire in Italian Language

1
Direction of Healthcare Professions, Foundation IRCCS Ca’ Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Via Francesco Sforza 35, 20122 Milan, Italy
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Department of Sciences for Health, University of Florence, Piazza San Marco 4, 50121 Florence, Italy
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Laboratory G.A Maccacaro, Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, University of Milan, Via Vanzetti 5, 20133 Milan, Italy
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Department of Intensive Care, Medical Center Leeuwarden, Henri Dunantweg 2, 8934 Leeuwarden, The Netherlands
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Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, University of Milan, Via Pascal 36, 20133 Milan, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Equal contributors.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(23), 8852; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238852
Received: 20 October 2020 / Revised: 23 November 2020 / Accepted: 26 November 2020 / Published: 28 November 2020
The European Quality Questionnaire (euroQ2) is the culturally-adapted version to the European context of the Family Satisfaction in Intensive Care Unit (FS-ICU) and Quality of Dying and Death (QODD) tools in a single instrument divided into three parts (the last is optional). These tools were created for an adult setting. The aim of this study was the Italian validation and analysis of the euroQ2 tool. The Italian version of euroQ2 questionnaire was administered to the relatives, over 18 years of age, of adult intensive care unit patients, with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Impact of Event Scale—Revised (IES-r). For the re-test phase the questionnaire was administered a second time. One hundred questionnaires were filled in. The agreement between test and retest was between 17–19 out of 20 participants with an upward trend in the re-test phase. A measure of coherence and cohesion between the euroQ2 variables was given by Cronbach’s alpha: in the first part of the questionnaire alpha was 0.82, in the second part it was 0.89. The linear Pearson’s correlation coefficients between all questions showed a weak positive correlation. The results obtained agreed with the original study. This study showed a good stability of the answers, an indication of an unambiguous understanding of the Italian translation. View Full-Text
Keywords: communication; EuroQ2; family; FS-ICU; Intensive Care Unit; QODD; satisfaction; validation study communication; EuroQ2; family; FS-ICU; Intensive Care Unit; QODD; satisfaction; validation study
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MDPI and ACS Style

Amendola, L.M.; Galazzi, A.; Zainaghi, I.; Cortinovis, I.; Zolin, A.; Gerritsen, R.T.; Adamini, I.; Lusignani, M.; Laquintana, D. Validation and Analysis of the European Quality Questionnaire in Italian Language. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8852. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238852

AMA Style

Amendola LM, Galazzi A, Zainaghi I, Cortinovis I, Zolin A, Gerritsen RT, Adamini I, Lusignani M, Laquintana D. Validation and Analysis of the European Quality Questionnaire in Italian Language. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(23):8852. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238852

Chicago/Turabian Style

Amendola, Leopoldo M., Alessandro Galazzi, Irene Zainaghi, Ivan Cortinovis, Anna Zolin, Rik T. Gerritsen, Ileana Adamini, Maura Lusignani, and Dario Laquintana. 2020. "Validation and Analysis of the European Quality Questionnaire in Italian Language" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 23: 8852. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238852

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