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Article

Relationships between Perceived Stress, Depression and Alcohol Use Disorders in University Students during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Socio-Economic Dimension

1
Center for Applied Economic Research, Faculty of Management and Economics, Tomas Bata University in Zlin, 5139, 760 00 Zlin, Czech Republic
2
Faculty of Management, University of Presov in Presov, 16, 080 01 Presov, Slovakia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(23), 8853; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238853
Received: 26 October 2020 / Revised: 17 November 2020 / Accepted: 26 November 2020 / Published: 28 November 2020
The objective of the study was to examine the effects of perceived stress on depression and subsequently to examine the effects of depression on alcohol use disorders. The data were obtained by an electronic questionnaire survey during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic (n = 1523 Slovak university students). Descriptive, regression, and correlation analysis were used in the analytical processing, while the analyses included students’ scores in three diagnostic tools (Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), Patient Health Questionnaire for depression (PHQ 9), and Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)), as well as gender and income characteristics. The PSS identified an increased level of perceived stress in female students, while in contrast, the AUDIT showed an increased level of alcohol use disorders in male students. Differences in mental and behavioural disorders between the gender and income categories were significant in most of the analysed cases. In terms of gender-income characteristics, it was possible to confirm a significant positive effect of the PSS score on the PHQ 9 score, as well as a significant positive effect of the PHQ 9 score on the AUDIT score. As a result, efforts to reduce stress will be reflected in a reduction of depressive disorders as well as a reduction of excessive alcohol consumption among students. View Full-Text
Keywords: alcohol dependence; depression; stress; behavioural disorders; mental health; gender and income differences; socio-economic effects; isolation; COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic; Slovak students alcohol dependence; depression; stress; behavioural disorders; mental health; gender and income differences; socio-economic effects; isolation; COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic; Slovak students
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gavurova, B.; Ivankova, V.; Rigelsky, M. Relationships between Perceived Stress, Depression and Alcohol Use Disorders in University Students during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Socio-Economic Dimension. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8853. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238853

AMA Style

Gavurova B, Ivankova V, Rigelsky M. Relationships between Perceived Stress, Depression and Alcohol Use Disorders in University Students during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Socio-Economic Dimension. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(23):8853. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238853

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gavurova, Beata; Ivankova, Viera; Rigelsky, Martin. 2020. "Relationships between Perceived Stress, Depression and Alcohol Use Disorders in University Students during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Socio-Economic Dimension" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 23: 8853. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238853

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