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Open AccessArticle

Mental Healthcare Utilization among Homeless People in the Greater Paris Area

1
Département d’Information Médicale, GHU Paris Psychiatrie & Neurosciences, 75014 Paris, France
2
SMES, GHU Paris Psychiatrie & Neurosciences, 75014 Paris, France
3
CPOA, GHU Paris Psychiatrie & Neurosciences, 75014 Paris, France
4
Observatoire du Samusocial de Paris, 75012 Paris, France
5
INSERM, Sorbonne Université, Institut Pierre Louis d’épidémiologie et de Santé Publique (IPLESP), Department of Social Epidemiology, 75012 Paris, France
6
Santé publique France, French National Public Health Agency, 94410 Saint-Maurice, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(21), 8144; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218144
Received: 29 September 2020 / Revised: 27 October 2020 / Accepted: 2 November 2020 / Published: 4 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Mental Health)
The healthcare utilization of homeless people is generally considered insufficient, and studies often suffer from methodological bias (institutionalized vs. street samples). To adapt public health policies in France, epidemiological data on this population are scarce. The objective of this study was to analyze the use of psychiatric care by homeless people with mental health problems in the Greater Paris area and to define the factors influencing this use. The data were from the SAMENTA survey performed in 2009 with a representative random street sample of 859 homeless people from the Greater Paris area. The survey studied the use of psychiatric care (lifelong use, current follow-up, discontinuation of follow-up and treatment) and factors potentially associated with this use for people with a diagnosis of a psychotic, mood or anxiety disorder, with the diagnosis established with an original survey device. Because of our complex sampling design, we describe data for only a weighted estimated prevalence, weighted estimation of the number of people in the population (N) and unweighted total subgroup studied in the survey (n). Among 840 homeless people with useable data, 377 (N = 9762) had a psychiatric disorder. The use of whole-life care for these people may seem high, estimated at 68.7%, but few people were followed up for their disorders (18.2%); individuals with a psychotic disorder were more frequently followed up (36.5%) than others were (p < 0.05). Among those followed up (n = 86, N = 1760), 63.0% were taking medication. Access to care for these people seemed preserved, but the maintenance of care seemed problematic; indeed, among people with a lifelong whole use of care (n= 232, N = 6705), 72.3% could be considered to have discontinued care. The factors that improved lifetime health service utilization or follow-up were socio-demographic (age < 42 years, more educated), social (with social security coverage, not living in a hotel), and medical (psychotic disorder, personality disorder, suicide risk, somatic chronic illness, perception of mental suffering). Improving the care of homeless people with psychiatric disorders requires improving access to care for those isolated from the health system (in particular those living in hotels) and to guarantee continuity of care, by adapting the organization of the care system and promoting social rehabilitation. View Full-Text
Keywords: healthcare utilization; psychiatry; homeless people healthcare utilization; psychiatry; homeless people
MDPI and ACS Style

Dauriac-Le Masson, V.; Mercuel, A.; Guedj, M.J.; Douay, C.; Chauvin, P.; Laporte, A. Mental Healthcare Utilization among Homeless People in the Greater Paris Area. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8144. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218144

AMA Style

Dauriac-Le Masson V, Mercuel A, Guedj MJ, Douay C, Chauvin P, Laporte A. Mental Healthcare Utilization among Homeless People in the Greater Paris Area. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(21):8144. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218144

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dauriac-Le Masson, Valérie; Mercuel, Alain; Guedj, Marie J.; Douay, Caroline; Chauvin, Pierre; Laporte, Anne. 2020. "Mental Healthcare Utilization among Homeless People in the Greater Paris Area" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 21: 8144. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218144

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