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Obstetric Violence in Spain (Part I): Women’s Perception and Interterritorial Differences
Article

Design and Validation of the PercOV-S Questionnaire for Measuring Perceived Obstetric Violence in Nursing, Midwifery and Medical Students

1
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitat Jaume I, Avda. Sos I Baynat s/n, 12071 Castellón, Spain
2
Midwives’ Teaching Unit of the Comunitat Valenciana, 46017 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(21), 8022; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218022
Received: 4 September 2020 / Revised: 27 October 2020 / Accepted: 27 October 2020 / Published: 30 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Obstetric Violence and Women's Health)
Background: Obstetric violence could be defined as the dehumanized treatment or abuse of health professionals towards the body or reproductive process of women. Some practices associated with obstetric violence have been routinely standardized and do not include the woman in decision making. This type of violence has consequences for the health of both the mother and the baby and that of the professionals who practice or observed it. Methods: A questionnaire consisting of 33 items that measured perception through a Likert scale was developed. Some sociodemographic variables were collected. The instrument was applied to a sample of nursing, medicine and midwifery students to determine its psychometric properties. Results: The final sample consisted of 153 students. The Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (p = 0.918) and Barlett tests (p ≤ 0.001) allowed for factor analysis, which explained 54.47% of the variance in two factors called protocolized-visible obstetric violence and non-protocolized-invisible obstetric violence. Conclusions: The PercOV-S (Perception of Obstetric Violence in Students) instrument was validated. The distribution and content of the two factors are closely related to obstetric violence against women. The existence of statistically significant relationships between the sociodemographic variables collected and the global measurements, domains and items of the PercOV-S scale highlight the normalization of obstetric violence as a central factor for future studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: obstetric violence; gender violence; childbirth; birth; health sciences students obstetric violence; gender violence; childbirth; birth; health sciences students
MDPI and ACS Style

Mena-Tudela, D.; Cervera-Gasch, A.; Alemany-Anchel, M.J.; Andreu-Pejó, L.; González-Chordá, V.M. Design and Validation of the PercOV-S Questionnaire for Measuring Perceived Obstetric Violence in Nursing, Midwifery and Medical Students. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8022. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218022

AMA Style

Mena-Tudela D, Cervera-Gasch A, Alemany-Anchel MJ, Andreu-Pejó L, González-Chordá VM. Design and Validation of the PercOV-S Questionnaire for Measuring Perceived Obstetric Violence in Nursing, Midwifery and Medical Students. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(21):8022. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218022

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mena-Tudela, Desirée, Agueda Cervera-Gasch, María J. Alemany-Anchel, Laura Andreu-Pejó, and Víctor M. González-Chordá 2020. "Design and Validation of the PercOV-S Questionnaire for Measuring Perceived Obstetric Violence in Nursing, Midwifery and Medical Students" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 21: 8022. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218022

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