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Open AccessArticle

Cervical Cancer Screening Participation among Women of Russian, Somali, and Kurdish Origin Compared with the General Finnish Population: A Register-Based Study

1
Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Eastern Finland, Yliopistonranta 1, P.O. Box 1627, 70211 Kuopio, Finland
2
Finnish Cancer Registry, Unioninkatu 22, 00130 Helsinki, Finland
3
Department of Pathology, University of Helsinki and HUS Diagnostic Center, Helsinki, University Hospital, Haartmaninkatu 3, 00029 HUS Helsinki, Finland
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Department of Welfare, Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), P.O. Box 30, FI-00271 Helsinki, Finland
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Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland (FIMM) University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 20, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
6
Department of Public Health Solutions, Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), P.O. Box 30, FI-00271 Helsinki, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(21), 7899; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217899
Received: 8 September 2020 / Revised: 24 October 2020 / Accepted: 24 October 2020 / Published: 28 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cervical Cancer Prevention: Looking toward the Future)
Migrant-origin women are less prone to cervical screening uptake compared with host populations. This study examined cervical cancer screening participation and factors associated with it in the Finnish mass screening program during 2008–2012 in women of Russian, Somali and Kurdish origin compared with the general Finnish population (Finns) in Finland. The study population consists of samples from the Finnish Migrant Health and Well-being Study 2010–2012 and Health 2011 Survey; aged 30–64 (n = 2579). Data from the Finnish screening register linked with other population-based registry data were utilized. For statistical analysis we employed logistic regression. Age-adjusted screening participation rates were Russians 63% (95% CI: 59.9–66.6), Somalis 19% (16.4–21.6), Kurds 69% (66.6–71.1), and Finns 67% (63.3–69.8). In the multiple-adjusted model with Finns as the reference; odds ratios for screening were among Russians 0.92 (0.74–1.16), Somalis 0.16 (0.11–0.22), and Kurds 1.37 (1.02–1.83). Among all women, the substantial factor for increased screening likelihood was hospital care related to pregnancy/birth 1.73 (1.27–2.35), gynecological 2.47 (1.65–3.68), or other reasons 1.53 (1.12–2.08). Screening participation was lower among students and retirees. In conclusion, screening among the migrant-origin women varies, being significantly lowest among Somalis compared with Finns. Efforts using culturally tailored/population-specific approaches may be beneficial in increasing screening participation among women of migrant-origin. View Full-Text
Keywords: cervical cancer screening; cancer prevention; disparities; healthcare service utilization; health inequities; migrant health; women health; public health; population-based study; quantitative research cervical cancer screening; cancer prevention; disparities; healthcare service utilization; health inequities; migrant health; women health; public health; population-based study; quantitative research
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MDPI and ACS Style

Idehen, E.E.; Virtanen, A.; Lilja, E.; Tuomainen, T.-P.; Korhonen, T.; Koponen, P. Cervical Cancer Screening Participation among Women of Russian, Somali, and Kurdish Origin Compared with the General Finnish Population: A Register-Based Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7899. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217899

AMA Style

Idehen EE, Virtanen A, Lilja E, Tuomainen T-P, Korhonen T, Koponen P. Cervical Cancer Screening Participation among Women of Russian, Somali, and Kurdish Origin Compared with the General Finnish Population: A Register-Based Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(21):7899. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217899

Chicago/Turabian Style

Idehen, Esther E.; Virtanen, Anni; Lilja, Eero; Tuomainen, Tomi-Pekka; Korhonen, Tellervo; Koponen, Päivikki. 2020. "Cervical Cancer Screening Participation among Women of Russian, Somali, and Kurdish Origin Compared with the General Finnish Population: A Register-Based Study" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 21: 7899. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217899

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