Next Article in Journal
Dating Applications, Sexual Behaviors, and Attitudes of College Students in Brazil’s Legal Amazon
Next Article in Special Issue
Improving Consumption and Purchases of Healthier Foods in Retail Environments: A Systematic Review
Previous Article in Journal
Children’s Body Mass Index Depending on Dietary Patterns, the Use of Technological Devices, the Internet and Sleep on BMI in Children
Previous Article in Special Issue
Healthy Food Retail during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Challenges and Future Directions
Review

Associations between Governmental Policies to Improve the Nutritional Quality of Supermarket Purchases and Individual, Retailer, and Community Health Outcomes: An Integrative Review

1
Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
2
Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
3
Department of Medical Ethics and Health Policy, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
4
Department of Health Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
5
Center for a Livable Future, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21202, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(20), 7493; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207493
Received: 7 September 2020 / Revised: 28 September 2020 / Accepted: 30 September 2020 / Published: 15 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Retail Strategies to Support Healthy Eating)
Supermarkets are natural and important settings for implementing environmental interventions to improve healthy eating, and governmental policies could help improve the nutritional quality of purchases in this setting. This review aimed to: (1) identify governmental policies in the United States (U.S.), including regulatory and legislative actions of federal, tribal, state, and local governments, designed to promote healthy choices in supermarkets; and (2) synthesize evidence of these policies’ effects on retailers, consumers, and community health. We searched five policy databases and developed a list of seven policy actions that meet our inclusion criteria: calorie labeling of prepared foods in supermarkets; increasing U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits; financial incentives for the purchase of fruit and vegetables; sweetened beverage taxes; revisions to the USDA Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) food package; financial assistance for supermarkets to open in underserved areas; and allowing online purchases with SNAP. We searched PubMed, Econlit, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Business Source Ultimate to identify peer-reviewed, academic, English-language literature published at any time until January 2020; 147 studies were included in the review. Sweetened beverage taxes, revisions to the WIC food package, and financial incentives for fruits and vegetables were associated with improvements in dietary behaviors (food purchases and/or consumption). Providing financial incentives to supermarkets to open in underserved areas and increases in SNAP benefits were not associated with changes in food purchasing or diet quality but may improve food security. More research is needed to understand the effects of calorie labeling in supermarkets and online SNAP purchasing. View Full-Text
Keywords: food purchase; policy; retail food environment; food and beverage; grocery; federal nutrition assistance programs; beverage tax; menu labeling; financial incentives; health disparities food purchase; policy; retail food environment; food and beverage; grocery; federal nutrition assistance programs; beverage tax; menu labeling; financial incentives; health disparities
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Moran, A.J.; Gu, Y.; Clynes, S.; Goheer, A.; Roberto, C.A.; Palmer, A. Associations between Governmental Policies to Improve the Nutritional Quality of Supermarket Purchases and Individual, Retailer, and Community Health Outcomes: An Integrative Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7493. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207493

AMA Style

Moran AJ, Gu Y, Clynes S, Goheer A, Roberto CA, Palmer A. Associations between Governmental Policies to Improve the Nutritional Quality of Supermarket Purchases and Individual, Retailer, and Community Health Outcomes: An Integrative Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(20):7493. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207493

Chicago/Turabian Style

Moran, Alyssa J., Yuxuan Gu, Sasha Clynes, Attia Goheer, Christina A. Roberto, and Anne Palmer. 2020. "Associations between Governmental Policies to Improve the Nutritional Quality of Supermarket Purchases and Individual, Retailer, and Community Health Outcomes: An Integrative Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 20: 7493. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207493

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop