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Article

Investigation of the Role of Anxiety and Depression on the Formation of Phantom Vibration and Ringing Syndrome Caused by Working Stress during Medical Internship

1
Institute of Population Health Sciences, National Health Research Institutes, Miaoli 35053, Taiwan
2
Institute of Statistics, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(20), 7480; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207480
Received: 10 September 2020 / Revised: 9 October 2020 / Accepted: 9 October 2020 / Published: 14 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Mental Health)
Phantom vibration syndrome (PVS) and phantom ringing syndrome (PRS) are prevalent hallucinations during medical internship. Depression and anxiety are probably understudied risk factors of PVS and PRS. The aim was to evaluate the role of anxiety and depression on the relationship between working stress during medical internship and PVS and PRS. A prospective longitudinal study, consisted of 74 medical interns, was carried out. The severity of phantom vibrations and ringing, as well as anxiety and depression as measured before, at the third, sixth, and 12th month during internship, and two weeks after internship. We conducted a causal mediation analysis to quantify the role of depression and in the mechanism of working stress during medical internship inducing PVS and PRS. The results showed that depression explained 21.9% and 8.4% for stress-induced PRS and PVS, respectively. In addition, anxiety explained 15.0% and 7.8% for stress-induced PRS and PVS, respectively. Our findings showed both depression and anxiety can explain a portion of stress-induced PVS and PRS during medical internship and might be more important in clinical practice and benefit to prevention of work-related burnout. View Full-Text
Keywords: phantom vibration syndrome; phantom ringing; hallucination; anxiety; depression; stress; mechanism; mediation analysis phantom vibration syndrome; phantom ringing; hallucination; anxiety; depression; stress; mechanism; mediation analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lin, Y.-H.; Lin, K.-I.; Pan, Y.-C.; Lin, S.-H. Investigation of the Role of Anxiety and Depression on the Formation of Phantom Vibration and Ringing Syndrome Caused by Working Stress during Medical Internship. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7480. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207480

AMA Style

Lin Y-H, Lin K-I, Pan Y-C, Lin S-H. Investigation of the Role of Anxiety and Depression on the Formation of Phantom Vibration and Ringing Syndrome Caused by Working Stress during Medical Internship. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(20):7480. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207480

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lin, Yu-Hsuan, Kuan-I Lin, Yuan-Chien Pan, and Sheng-Hsuan Lin. 2020. "Investigation of the Role of Anxiety and Depression on the Formation of Phantom Vibration and Ringing Syndrome Caused by Working Stress during Medical Internship" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 20: 7480. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207480

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