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Open AccessArticle

Relief Demand Calculation in Humanitarian Logistics Using Material Classification

1
School of Management, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230000, China
2
School of Management, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(2), 582; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020582
Received: 6 November 2019 / Revised: 2 January 2020 / Accepted: 7 January 2020 / Published: 16 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Hazard, Risk and Disaster Management)
Demand calculation, which is the base of most logistics decisions and activities, is a critical work in humanitarian logistics (HL). However, previous studies on demand calculation in HL mainly focus on demand forecasting methodology, with many neglecting the checklist of critical supplies and practice background. This work proposes a new method for relief demand calculation by dividing the process into two parts: supply classification and demand calculation. A general method for classifying relief supplies and clarifying the checklist of relief items for multi-disaster and multiple natural scenarios is given in detail, followed by the procedure of demand calculation for each relief material. The authors present a case study to validate the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed method based on the disaster response practice in China. Detailed lists of relief demand for different types and severities of disaster are provided. View Full-Text
Keywords: relief supply; supply classification; material demand calculation; disaster management relief supply; supply classification; material demand calculation; disaster management
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Shao, J.; Liang, C.; Wang, X.; Wang, X.; Liang, L. Relief Demand Calculation in Humanitarian Logistics Using Material Classification. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 582.

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