Next Article in Journal
Clinical Trial Data Management in Environmental Health Tailored for an African Setting
Previous Article in Journal
The Prevalence of Insomnia and the Link between Iron Metabolism Genes Polymorphisms, TF rs1049296 C>T, TF rs3811647 G>A, TFR rs7385804 A>C, HAMP rs10421768 A>G and Sleep Disorders in Polish Individuals with ASD
Open AccessArticle

Endometriosis and Pregnancy: A Single Institution Experience

1
Department of Maternal and Child Health and Urological Sciences, Sapienza, University of Rome, Policlinico Umberto I, Viale del Policlinico 155, 00161 Rome, Italy
2
Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics Hôpital Erasme, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Route de Lennik, 808-B-1070 Brussels, Belgium
3
Department of Radiological, Oncological, and Pathological Sciences, Sapienza, University of Rome, Policlinico Umberto I, Viale del Policlinico 155, 00161 Rome, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(2), 401; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020401
Received: 11 December 2019 / Revised: 5 January 2020 / Accepted: 6 January 2020 / Published: 8 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Women's Health)
Endometriosis may compromise the physiological course of pregnancy. The aim of this prospective observational study was to evaluate whether endometriosis causes a higher prevalence of obstetric and neonatal complications as well as a higher risk of caesarean section and to detect a possible correlation between the presence, type, and location of endometriosis and obstetric complications, previous surgery, and pregnancy outcome, as well as the influence of pregnancy on the course of the disease. We compared two cohorts of women with spontaneous pregnancy, with and without endometriosis. Obstetric and neonatal outcomes, mode of delivery, presence, type, and location of endometriotic lesions and the effect of pregnancy on the disease were analyzed. A total of 425 pregnancies were evaluated: 145 cases and 280 controls. Patients with endometriosis showed a higher incidence of miscarriage, threatened miscarriage, threatened preterm labor, preterm delivery, placental abruption, and a higher incidence of caesarean section. A significant correlation with pregnancy-induced hypertension and preeclampsia was found in the presence of adenomyosis. No difference in fetal outcome was found. One case of hemoperitoneum during pregnancy was observed. Pregnancy in women with endometriosis carries a higher risk of obstetric complications, such as miscarriage, threatened miscarriage, preterm labor, preterm birth, and a higher caesarean section rate. Endometriosis does not seem to influence fetal well-being. View Full-Text
Keywords: endometriosis; adenomyosis; obstetric complications; caesarean section endometriosis; adenomyosis; obstetric complications; caesarean section
MDPI and ACS Style

Porpora, M.G.; Tomao, F.; Ticino, A.; Piacenti, I.; Scaramuzzino, S.; Simonetti, S.; Imperiale, L.; Sangiuliano, C.; Masciullo, L.; Manganaro, L.; Benedetti Panici, P. Endometriosis and Pregnancy: A Single Institution Experience. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 401. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020401

AMA Style

Porpora MG, Tomao F, Ticino A, Piacenti I, Scaramuzzino S, Simonetti S, Imperiale L, Sangiuliano C, Masciullo L, Manganaro L, Benedetti Panici P. Endometriosis and Pregnancy: A Single Institution Experience. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(2):401. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020401

Chicago/Turabian Style

Porpora, Maria G.; Tomao, Federica; Ticino, Adele; Piacenti, Ilaria; Scaramuzzino, Sara; Simonetti, Stefania; Imperiale, Ludovica; Sangiuliano, Chiara; Masciullo, Luisa; Manganaro, Lucia; Benedetti Panici, Pierluigi. 2020. "Endometriosis and Pregnancy: A Single Institution Experience" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 2: 401. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020401

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop