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Open AccessArticle

Prevalence, Predictors, and Awareness of Coffee Consumption and Its Trend among Saudi Female Students

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Department of Food Science & Nutrition, College of Food Science & Agriculture, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Biochemistry, College of Science, Chair for Biomarkers of Chronic Diseases, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia.
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Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, College of Applied and Health Sciences, A’ Sharqiyah University, Ibra 400, Sultanate of Oman
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(19), 7020; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17197020
Received: 23 July 2020 / Revised: 21 September 2020 / Accepted: 22 September 2020 / Published: 25 September 2020
This study aimed to investigate the prevalence, trends, and predictors of coffee consumption among Saudi female students and its association with anthropometric and demographic variables. A survey-based study using a face-to-face interview was designed, and 930 (aged 21.5 ± 2.1 years) apparently healthy female students from different departments of King Saud University participated. The prevalence of coffee consumption was significantly higher (88.2%, p < 0.03) in the central Riyadh region. Coffee consumers had significantly higher prevalence of being overweight than non-consumers (p = 0.02). The frequency of coffee consumption was significantly higher (p < 0.02) in students who were single and belonged to families with a moderate income level. Coffee consumption was significantly higher among first-year students with a high-scale grade point average (GPA) (p < 0.001 and p = 0.03, respectively). Increased coffee consumption during exam and stress conditions was associated with unhealthy dietary habits such as using more sugar and spices. The prevalence of coffee consumption was high among Saudi females. High body mass index (BMI) and increased family income level were strong determinants for coffee consumption. Continued nutritional education and awareness about the potential positive and negative health effects of coffee consumption and the importance of food label use should be provided to younger generations in order to correct the wrong perceptions. View Full-Text
Keywords: coffee; BMI; health awareness; academic performance; female students; Saudi Arabia coffee; BMI; health awareness; academic performance; female students; Saudi Arabia
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Alfawaz, H.A.; Khan, N.; Yakout, S.M.; Khattak, M.N.K.; Alsaikhan, A.A.; Almousa, A.A.; Alsuwailem, T.A.; Almjlad, T.M.; Alamri, N.A.; Alshammari, S.G.; Al-Daghri, N.M. Prevalence, Predictors, and Awareness of Coffee Consumption and Its Trend among Saudi Female Students. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7020.

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