Next Article in Journal
Female Employees’ Perception of Breastfeeding Support in the Workplace, Public Universities in Spain: A Multicentric Comparative Study
Next Article in Special Issue
Process Evaluation of a Participative Organizational Intervention as a Stress Preventive Intervention for Employees in Swedish Primary Health Care
Previous Article in Journal
Study Protocol for a Qualitative Research Project Exploring an Occupational Health Surveillance Model for Workers Exposed to Hand-Intensive Work
Previous Article in Special Issue
Promoting Evidence-Based Practice for Improved Occupational Safety and Health at Workplaces in Sweden. Report on a Practice-Based Research Network Approach
Article

Insomnia Interventions in the Workplace: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

1
Spanish Red Cross Nursing School, University of Seville, Avda. Cruz Roja 1, 41009 Seville, Spain
2
Department of Nursing, University of Seville, 41009 Seville, Spain
3
Faculty of Nursing and Physiotherapy, University of Cádiz, 11009 Cádiz, Spain
4
Department of Nursing, University of Córdoba, 14001 Córdoba, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(17), 6401; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176401
Received: 29 July 2020 / Revised: 21 August 2020 / Accepted: 28 August 2020 / Published: 2 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Workplace Interventions)
The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to identify and evaluate the impact of interventions to improve or reduce insomnia in the workforce through randomized clinical trials. Following the recommendations of the PRISMA and MARS statement, a systematic literature search was carried out on the PubMed, Web of Science, CINHAL, and PsycINFO databases, with no restrictions on the language or publication date. For the meta-analysis, a random-effects model and the Insomnia Severity Index were used as outcome measures. To assess the risk of bias and the quality of evidence, the Cochrane Collaboration tool and the GRADE method were used, respectively. Twenty-two studies were included in the systematic review and 12 studies in the meta-analysis, making a total of 14 intervention groups with a sample of 827 workers. Cognitive behavioral therapy was the most widely used intervention. According to the estimated difference between the means, a moderate effect for the reduction of insomnia symptoms after the intervention (MD −2.08, CI 95%: [−2.68, −1.47]) and a non-significant degree of heterogeneity were obtained (p = 0.64; I2 = 0%). The quality of the evidence and the risk of bias were moderate. The results suggest that interventions on insomnia in the workplace are effective for improving workers’ health, and that improvements in the quality of sleep and a decrease in the symptoms of insomnia are produced, thanks to an increase in weekly sleeping hours and a reduction in latency at sleep onset. As regards work, they also led to improvements in productivity, presenteeism, and job burnout. View Full-Text
Keywords: insomnia; occupational health; meta-analysis; workplace health; systematic review insomnia; occupational health; meta-analysis; workplace health; systematic review
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Vega-Escaño, J.; Porcel-Gálvez, A.M.; de Diego-Cordero, R.; Romero-Sánchez, J.M.; Romero-Saldaña, M.; Barrientos-Trigo, S. Insomnia Interventions in the Workplace: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6401. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176401

AMA Style

Vega-Escaño J, Porcel-Gálvez AM, de Diego-Cordero R, Romero-Sánchez JM, Romero-Saldaña M, Barrientos-Trigo S. Insomnia Interventions in the Workplace: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(17):6401. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176401

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vega-Escaño, Juan, Ana M. Porcel-Gálvez, Rocío de Diego-Cordero, José M. Romero-Sánchez, Manuel Romero-Saldaña, and Sergio Barrientos-Trigo. 2020. "Insomnia Interventions in the Workplace: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 17: 6401. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176401

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop