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Article

Repeated Sprint Training vs. Repeated High-Intensity Technique Training in Adolescent Taekwondo Athletes—A Randomized Controlled Trial

1
High Institute of Sports and Physical Education of Kef, University of Jendouba, Boulifa University Campus, Kef 7100, Tunisia
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Institut Supérieur du Sport et de l’Education Physique de Sfax, Université de Sfax, Sfax 3000, Tunisie
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Activité Physique, Sport et Santé, UR18JS01, Observatoire National du Sport, Tunis 1003, Tunisie
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Department of Sport Science, Bundeswehr University Munich, 85579 Neubiberg, Germany
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Laboratory of Cardio-Circulatory, Respiratory, Metabolic and Hormonal Adaptations to Muscular Exercise, Faculty of Medicine, Ibn El Jazzar, Sousse 4000, Tunisia
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Martial Arts and Combat Sports Research Group, School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, 05508-030 São Paulo, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
The authors Emerson Franchini and Florian A. Engel contributed equally to the present article.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(12), 4506; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124506
Received: 4 June 2020 / Revised: 12 June 2020 / Accepted: 15 June 2020 / Published: 23 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Training and Performance in Youth Sports)
This study investigated the effects of 4-weeks repeated sprint (RST) vs. repeated high-intensity-technique training (RTT) on physical performance. Thirty-six adolescent taekwondo athletes (age: 16 ± 1 yrs) were randomly assigned to RST (10 × 35 m sprint, 10 s rest), RTT (10 × 6 s Bandal-tchagui, 10 s rest) and control (control group (CG): no additional training) groups. Additionally, to their regular training, RST and RTT trained 2×/week for 4 weeks. Training load (TL), monotony, and strain were calculated using the rating of perceived exertion scale. The progressive specific taekwondo (PSTT), 20 m multistage shuttle run (SRT20m), 5 m shuttle run, agility T-test, taekwondo-specific agility (TSAT) and countermovement jump (CMJ) tests were performed before and after 4 weeks of training. Additionally, taekwondo athletes performed specific taekwondo exercises (i.e., repeated techniques for 10 s and 1 min). From week 1, mean TL increased continuously to week 4 and monotony and strain were higher at weeks 3 and 4 (p < 0.001). VO2max calculated from SRT20m and PSTT increased for RST and RTT in comparison to CG (p < 0.001). Agility performance during T-test and TSAT (p < 0.01) improved in RTT. The number of performed techniques during the 10 s specific exercise increased in RTT and RST (p < 0.01) for the dominant leg and in RTT for the non-dominant leg (p < 0.01). The number of techniques during the 1 min specific exercise was higher in RST and RTT compared to CG for the dominant leg (p < 0.001). Delta lactate at post-training was lower for RTT for both legs compared to RST and CG (p < 0.01). It is important to include a low-volume high-intensity training based on repeated sprint running or repeated technique in the training programs of adolescent taekwondo athletes. View Full-Text
Keywords: combat sports; training; fitness; performance; physiological responses; RST combat sports; training; fitness; performance; physiological responses; RST
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ouergui, I.; Messaoudi, H.; Chtourou, H.; Wagner, M.O.; Bouassida, A.; Bouhlel, E.; Franchini, E.; Engel, F.A. Repeated Sprint Training vs. Repeated High-Intensity Technique Training in Adolescent Taekwondo Athletes—A Randomized Controlled Trial. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4506. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124506

AMA Style

Ouergui I, Messaoudi H, Chtourou H, Wagner MO, Bouassida A, Bouhlel E, Franchini E, Engel FA. Repeated Sprint Training vs. Repeated High-Intensity Technique Training in Adolescent Taekwondo Athletes—A Randomized Controlled Trial. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(12):4506. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124506

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ouergui, Ibrahim, Hamdi Messaoudi, Hamdi Chtourou, Matthias O. Wagner, Anissa Bouassida, Ezdine Bouhlel, Emerson Franchini, and Florian A. Engel. 2020. "Repeated Sprint Training vs. Repeated High-Intensity Technique Training in Adolescent Taekwondo Athletes—A Randomized Controlled Trial" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 12: 4506. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124506

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