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Article

Influence of Music on Closed Motor Skills: A Controlled Study with Novice Female Dart-Throwers

1
Department of Clinical and Experimental Psychology, Faculty of Education, Psychology and Sports Science, University of Huelva, 21007 Huelva, Spain
2
Department of Social, Evolutionary and Educational Psychology, Faculty of Education, Psychology and Sports Science, University of Huelva, 21007 Huelva, Spain
3
Department of Physical Activity and Sports, Center for University Studies Cardenal Spínola CEU, University of Seville Attached Centre, 41930 Sevilla, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(11), 4146; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17114146
Received: 7 April 2020 / Revised: 3 June 2020 / Accepted: 8 June 2020 / Published: 10 June 2020
The influence of music heard at different tempos is analyzed during the execution of a dart-throwing task. The sample consisted of 56 female university students (Mean age = 23.38, SD = 6.773). The participants were randomly assigned to GC (group control without music; n = 18), GS (group with slow-paced music at a tempo of 60 BPM; n = 19) and GF (group with fast-paced music at a tempo of 105 BPM; n = 19). All participants performed a dart-throwing task in two phases. Analysis of the scores obtained during Phase 1 and Phase 2 of dart throwing (examining both between-group differences and within-group differences, i.e., changes in scores from Phase 1 to Phase 2 using a mixed factorial ANOVA) revealed no differences in dart-throwing scores. There were, however, differences in execution time, where the participants in GS needed more time to complete the task than those in GF (F(2,55) = 4.426, p = 0.017) with a large effect size (ŋ2p = 0.143), although neither of these groups differed from GC. The results are discussed in terms of the role of music in precision tasks and the synchronization of the task with the pace of the music. View Full-Text
Keywords: tempo; attention; performance; music; synchronization; motor tasks; closed skills; throwers tempo; attention; performance; music; synchronization; motor tasks; closed skills; throwers
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MDPI and ACS Style

Arbinaga, F.; Romero-Pérez, N.; Torres-Rosado, L.; Fernández-Ozcorta, E.J.; Mendoza-Sierra, M.I. Influence of Music on Closed Motor Skills: A Controlled Study with Novice Female Dart-Throwers. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4146. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17114146

AMA Style

Arbinaga F, Romero-Pérez N, Torres-Rosado L, Fernández-Ozcorta EJ, Mendoza-Sierra MI. Influence of Music on Closed Motor Skills: A Controlled Study with Novice Female Dart-Throwers. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(11):4146. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17114146

Chicago/Turabian Style

Arbinaga, Félix, Nehemías Romero-Pérez, Lidia Torres-Rosado, Eduardo J. Fernández-Ozcorta, and María Isabel Mendoza-Sierra. 2020. "Influence of Music on Closed Motor Skills: A Controlled Study with Novice Female Dart-Throwers" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 11: 4146. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17114146

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