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Predictive Factors of Cyberbullying Perpetration amongst Spanish Adolescents

1
Department of Developmental Psychology and Education, Faculty of Psychology, University of Malaga, Campus de Teatinos s/n, 29071 Málaga, Spain
2
Department of Personality, Evaluation and Psychological Treatment, Faculty of Psychology, University of Malaga, Campus de Teatinos s/n, 29071 Malaga, Spain
3
Department of Social Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Málaga, Campus de Teatinos s/n, 29071 Malaga, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(11), 3967; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113967
Received: 12 May 2020 / Revised: 1 June 2020 / Accepted: 2 June 2020 / Published: 3 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cyber-victimization Prevention among Adolescents)
(1) Cyberbullying has gained increased attention from society and researchers due both to its negative psychosocial consequences and the problems that have risen relating to the misuse of technology. Despite the growing number of scientific studies, most research has focused on victims of cyberbullying rather than on the cyberbullies. This study examines the predictive value of personal resources (emotional intelligence, gratitude, and core self-evaluations) and risk factors (cybervictimization, problematic Internet use), and parental control in online activities on adolescents’ involvement in cyberbullying perpetration. (2) A total of 2039 Spanish adolescents between 12 and 18 years of age took part in this research (53.9% females). (3) Twenty-two percent of the sample was engaged in cyberbullying behaviors (more male adolescents). Insults and online social exclusion were the most frequent types of cyberbullying perpetration. Age, cybervictimization, problematic Internet use, and deficits in the use and regulation of emotions were the best predictors of cyberbullying perpetration. (4) Cyberbullying is a social reality in which personal and family variables converge on a particularly vulnerable age group. Our findings suggest that both well-known predictors of cyberbullying (cybervictimization and problematic Internet use) along with others less studied dimensions (i.e., emotional abilities) need to be taken into account in future school-based interventions aimed to prevent cyberbullying perpetration. View Full-Text
Keywords: cyberbullying; adolescence; risk factors; problematic Internet use; protective factors; emotional regulation cyberbullying; adolescence; risk factors; problematic Internet use; protective factors; emotional regulation
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Yudes, C.; Rey, L.; Extremera, N. Predictive Factors of Cyberbullying Perpetration amongst Spanish Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3967.

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