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Open AccessArticle

Emotional-Behavioral Functioning, Maternal Psychopathologic Risk and Quality of Mother–Child Feeding Interactions in Children with Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder

1
Uninettuno and Faculty of Psychology, International Telematic University, 00186 Rome, Italy
2
Department of Dynamic and Clinical Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, 00186 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(11), 3811; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113811
Received: 20 April 2020 / Revised: 19 May 2020 / Accepted: 26 May 2020 / Published: 27 May 2020
The literature on food intake disorder (ARFID) in early childhood has evidenced psychopathologic difficulties in both children and their mothers and a poor quality of feeding interactions. Only a few studies have focused on three different ARFID subtypes: irritable/impulsive (I/I), sensory food aversions (SFA) and post traumatic feeding disorder (PTFD). The aim of this study was to explore possible differences between the three groups in children’s emotional-behavioral functioning, maternal psychopathologic risk and the quality of mother–child feeding interactions, comparing these clinical groups with a control group. The sample consisted of 100 child–mother dyads, of which 23 children with I/I, 25 children with SFA, 27 children with PTFD and 27 children with no diagnosis. The mothers primarily filled out questionnaires assessing their psychopathologic symptoms and children’s emotional-behavioral functioning. Then, all dyads were videotaped during a main meal. Results revealed significant differences between the study groups in relation to children’s emotional–adaptive functioning, mothers’ psychological profile and mother–child interactions during feeding. These findings are relevant for the development of target intervention programs to treat specific ARFID disorders. View Full-Text
Keywords: avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder; diagnostic subtypes; mother–child feeding interactions; maternal psychopathologic risk; children emotional-behavioral functioning avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder; diagnostic subtypes; mother–child feeding interactions; maternal psychopathologic risk; children emotional-behavioral functioning
MDPI and ACS Style

Cerniglia, L.; Marzilli, E.; Cimino, S. Emotional-Behavioral Functioning, Maternal Psychopathologic Risk and Quality of Mother–Child Feeding Interactions in Children with Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3811.

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