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Pathways Linking Exposure to Community Violence, Self-serving Cognitive Distortions and School Bullying Perpetration: A Three-Wave Study

1
Department of Humanistic Studies, University of Naples “Federico II”, 80133 Napoli, Italy
2
Department of Psychology, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, 81100 Caserta, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(1), 188; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010188
Received: 14 November 2019 / Revised: 17 December 2019 / Accepted: 24 December 2019 / Published: 26 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Children's Health)
School bullying is a social phenomenon stemming from a complex interrelationship between the individuals and their environments. Underpinned by the social-ecological models, this study investigated the mediation of self-serving cognitive distortions (CDs) in the relationship between community violence exposure, as a victim and as a witness, and bullying perpetration. Bidirectional associations between violence exposure and bullying perpetration, and between CDs and bullying perpetration over time were also hypothesized. The study used a three-waves cross-lagged panel modeling in a sample of 829 Italian high school adolescents (46% males; Mage [Time 1; T1] = 12.71; Standard deviation [SD] = 1.68). The results showed that being exposed to community violence as a witness at T1 increased the development of CDs at Time 2 (T2), which in turn promoted the bullying perpetration at Time 3 (T3). Being exposed to community violence as a victim was not a significant predictor of CDs and bullying perpetration over time. Bidirectional associations were found between witnessing violence and bullying perpetration, and between CDs and bullying perpetration. The association between community violence exposure and individual moral cognitions over time plays a crucial role in predicting bullying perpetration. These findings highlight the need to consider both contextual and individual factors in understanding and preventing bullying perpetration. View Full-Text
Keywords: adolescence; bullying perpetration; community violence exposure; morality; self-serving cognitive distortions adolescence; bullying perpetration; community violence exposure; morality; self-serving cognitive distortions
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dragone, M.; Esposito, C.; De Angelis, G.; Affuso, G.; Bacchini, D. Pathways Linking Exposure to Community Violence, Self-serving Cognitive Distortions and School Bullying Perpetration: A Three-Wave Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 188. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010188

AMA Style

Dragone M, Esposito C, De Angelis G, Affuso G, Bacchini D. Pathways Linking Exposure to Community Violence, Self-serving Cognitive Distortions and School Bullying Perpetration: A Three-Wave Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(1):188. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010188

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dragone, Mirella; Esposito, Concetta; De Angelis, Grazia; Affuso, Gaetana; Bacchini, Dario. 2020. "Pathways Linking Exposure to Community Violence, Self-serving Cognitive Distortions and School Bullying Perpetration: A Three-Wave Study" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 1: 188. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010188

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