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Open AccessArticle

Coaches’ Motivational Style and Athletes’ Fear of Failure

1
Sports Research Center, Miguel Hernández University of Elche, Avda. de la Universidad, s/n, 03130 Elche, Spain
2
Departament of Health Psychology, Miguel Hernández University of Elche, Avda. Universidad, s/n, 30202 Elche, Spain
3
Departament of Physical Activity and Sports, University of Murcia, C/Argentina, s/n, San Javier, 30720 Murcia, Spain
4
Department of Psychology, Sociology and Social Work, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, C/Santa Juana de Arco, 1, 35004 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(9), 1563; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16091563
Received: 5 April 2019 / Revised: 25 April 2019 / Accepted: 27 April 2019 / Published: 4 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emotional and Behavioural Adjustment in Adolescence)
Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between coaches’ interpersonal style and fear of failure in athletes. Methods: A sample of 340 athletes at the Federation Level with a mean age of 18.96 years (SD = 5.69 years.) comprised the sample. Athletes completed questionnaires related to fear of failure in sports as well as their perceptions of the extent to which their coaches provided support for athlete autonomy and control. Results: The results revealed a significant and positive relationship between coaches’ controlling style and athletes’ fear of failure whereas coach autonomy support was associated with reduced fear of failure. Through the use of cluster analysis, two athlete profiles emerged. One profile indicated moderate levels of fear of failure among those athletes who perceived a controlling coaching style. The second profile revealed a cluster of athletes with low levels of fear of failure and favorable perceptions of coach support for athlete autonomy. Conclusions: These findings provide further evidence for the role of coaches as social influences capable of contributing to both adaptive and maladaptive psychological outcomes for athletes in sports. View Full-Text
Keywords: fear; autonomy support; controlling style; self-determined motivation; sport fear; autonomy support; controlling style; self-determined motivation; sport
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MDPI and ACS Style

Moreno-Murcia, J.A.; Huéscar Hernández, E.; Conte Marín, L.; Nuñez, J.L. Coaches’ Motivational Style and Athletes’ Fear of Failure. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1563. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16091563

AMA Style

Moreno-Murcia JA, Huéscar Hernández E, Conte Marín L, Nuñez JL. Coaches’ Motivational Style and Athletes’ Fear of Failure. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(9):1563. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16091563

Chicago/Turabian Style

Moreno-Murcia, Juan A.; Huéscar Hernández, Elisa; Conte Marín, Luis; Nuñez, Juan L. 2019. "Coaches’ Motivational Style and Athletes’ Fear of Failure" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 9: 1563. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16091563

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