Next Article in Journal
Coaches’ Motivational Style and Athletes’ Fear of Failure
Next Article in Special Issue
Effect of Nutritional Intervention Programs on Nutritional Status and Readmission Rate in Malnourished Older Adults with Pneumonia: A Randomized Control Trial
Previous Article in Journal
Analysis of Mortality Change Rate from Temperature in Summer by Age, Occupation, Household Type, and Chronic Diseases in 229 Korean Municipalities from 2007–2016
Open AccessArticle

Prevalence and Determinants of Undernutrition in A Sample of Dutch Community-Dwelling Older Adults: Results from Two Online Screening Tools

1
Dutch Malnutrition Steering Group, Nicolaas Witsenkade 13hs, 1017 ZR Amsterdam, The Netherlands
2
Faculty of Health and Social Studies, Department of Nutrition and Health, HAN University of Applied Sciences, Kapittelweg 33, 6525 EN Nijmegen, The Netherlands
3
Department of Dietetics, Hospital Gelderse Vallei, Willy Brandtlaan 10, 6716 RP Ede, The Netherlands
4
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit, De Boelelaan 1117; 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(9), 1562; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16091562
Received: 29 March 2019 / Revised: 18 April 2019 / Accepted: 1 May 2019 / Published: 4 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition for Older People)
To stimulate undernutrition screening among Dutch community-dwelling adults, a website was developed with general information on healthy eating for healthy aging and self-tests. Based on cross-sectional data obtained from the self-tests, we studied nutritional risk factors (early determinants) as well as risk of undernutrition (late symptoms). SCREEN II (n = 2470) was used to asses nutritional risk factors. This tool consists of 16 items regarding nutritional intake, perception of body weight, appetite, oral health and meal preparation. An adjusted SNAQ65+ (n = 687) was used to assess risk of undernutrition. This four-item tool contains questions on weight loss, appetite, walking stairs and body mass index. Differences between age-groups (65–74, 75–84, ≥85) were tested by logistic regression. Overall prevalence of nutritional risk factors was 84.1%, and increased risk of undernutrition was 56.8%. Participants aged ≥85 scored worst on almost all items of the SCREEN II and the SNAQ65+. In conclusion: A large proportion of older adults reported early determinants for increased nutrition risk, while a smaller, yet remarkable proportion scored positive on undernutrition risk. Internet screening may be a useful, contemporary, and easy, accessible way to reach older adults who are at nutritional risk and may thus contribute to early identification and prevention of undernutrition. View Full-Text
Keywords: undernutrition; malnutrition; community-dwelling older adults; nutritional risk; self-screening; screening tools; risk screening undernutrition; malnutrition; community-dwelling older adults; nutritional risk; self-screening; screening tools; risk screening
MDPI and ACS Style

Borkent, J.W.; Naumann, E.; Vasse, E.; van der Heijden, E.; de van der Schueren, M.A.E. Prevalence and Determinants of Undernutrition in A Sample of Dutch Community-Dwelling Older Adults: Results from Two Online Screening Tools. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1562.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop