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Open AccessArticle

Burnout Syndrome in Middle and Senior Management in the Industrial Manufacturing Sector of Mexico

Facultad de Ingeniería, Arquitectura y Diseño, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California; Carretera Transpeninsular Ensenada-Tijuana 3917, Colonia Playitas, Ensenada 22860, Baja California, Mexico
Department of Industrial Engineering and Manufacturing, Autonomous University of Ciudad Juarez, Ave. del Charro 450 Norte, Cd Juarez 32310, Chihuahua, Mexico
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(8), 1467;
Received: 26 March 2019 / Revised: 20 April 2019 / Accepted: 23 April 2019 / Published: 25 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Worker and Public Health and Safety: Current Views)
Due to globalization and the accelerated growth of technology, ever more employees of companies are affected by burnout syndrome, the psychological nature of which requires a prolonged response to chronic interpersonal stressors in work environments. The present research aims to validate the operability of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS) using a sample of 378 professionals belonging to middle and senior management working in companies within the IMMEX sector (comprising the industrial-manufacturing, maquiladora and export services) located in the state of Baja California, Mexico. Firstly, an exploratory factor analysis using the principal components method and Varimax rotation was performed and the results revealed the existence of three factors representing more than 67 percent of the total variance. Secondly, a confirmatory factorial analysis was carried out performing appropriate results for the indices Chi-square goodness-of-fit model, Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA), Normed Fit Index (NFI), Comparative Fit Index (CFI), Relative Fit Index (RFI), Parsimony Ratio (PRATIO) and Parsimony Normed Fit Index (PNFI), which are highly recommended by literature in these types of studies. Additionally, construct validity was satisfactorily verified. The factorial solution coincided with the Maslach Burnout Inventory original proposal so that this instrument can be considered a valid and reliable option to analyze the burnout levels in people pertaining to middle and senior management in these types of industries. View Full-Text
Keywords: burnout; construct validity; MBI; industry burnout; construct validity; MBI; industry
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Macias-Velasquez, S.; Baez-Lopez, Y.; Maldonado-Macías, A.A.; Limon-Romero, J.; Tlapa, D. Burnout Syndrome in Middle and Senior Management in the Industrial Manufacturing Sector of Mexico. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1467.

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