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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(8), 1355; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081355

A Brief Spanish Version of the Child and Adolescent Mindfulness Measure (CAMM). A Dispositional Mindfulness Measure

1
Departamento de Psicología, Universidad de Extremadura, Cáceres, 10071, Spain
2
Departamento de Psicobiología, Universidad de Murcia, 30001 Murcia, Spain
3
Universidad de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Centro de Algeciras, 11202 Cádiz, Spain
4
Instituto de Investigación y Desarrollo Social Sostenible (INDESS), Universidad de Cádiz, 11405 Jerez de la Frontera, Cádiz, Spain
5
ELEA, Centro de Psicología y Logopedia, Campo de Gibraltar, 11300 La Línea de la Concepción, Cádiz, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 March 2019 / Revised: 8 April 2019 / Accepted: 10 April 2019 / Published: 15 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mindfulness-Based Practice for Health Benefits)
PDF [392 KB, uploaded 15 April 2019]

Abstract

Dispositional Mindfulness (DM) is the awareness of the thoughts and feelings in the present moment. DM in children and adolescents has been related to mechanisms of change in mindfulness-based interventions, which have shown significant mediation relationships with mental health outcomes (for instance, lower social anxiety, depression symptoms, or perceived stress). However, the assessment of DM among children and adolescents is being unsatisfactory due cultural biases and/or reliability issues. In this study, we examined the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Child and Adolescent Mindfulness Measure (CAMM) in a sample of 687 children and adolescents between 8 and 16 years old. Although the CAMM has been validated in English, Portuguese, Italian, and Catalonian versions, until now no data has been reported in a Spanish context. Results showed that the best CAMM factor structure was constituted by five items from the original version (1, 4, 7, 8, and 9). These items defined dispositional mindfulness. The rest of the items (2, 3, 5, 6, and 10) were eliminated from the Spanish final version. The analyses revealed good reliability and internal consistency for the Spanish version of the CAMM. As we expected, the confirmatory factor analysis showed the unidimensional structure of the CAMM.
Keywords: dispositional mindfulness; mindfulness measurement in children; CAMM; children and adolescents dispositional mindfulness; mindfulness measurement in children; CAMM; children and adolescents
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Guerra, J.; García-Gómez, M.; Turanzas, J.; Cordón, J.R.; Suárez-Jurado, C.; Mestre, J.M. A Brief Spanish Version of the Child and Adolescent Mindfulness Measure (CAMM). A Dispositional Mindfulness Measure. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1355.

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