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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(6), 915; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16060915

Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviours and Duration of Sleep as Factors Affecting the Well-Being of Young People against the Background of Environmental Moderators

1
Institute of Mother and Child Foundation, Kasprzaka No. 17a, 01-211 Warsaw, Poland
2
Department of Biomedical Foundations of Development and Sexology, Faculty of Education, Warsaw University, Mokotowska No. 16/20, 00-561 Warsaw, Poland
3
Department of Work Physiology and Ergonomics, Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Św. Teresy od Dzieciątka Jezus No. 8, 91-348 Łódź, Poland
4
Department of Child and Adolescent Health, Institute of Mother and Child, Kasprzaka No. 17a, 01-211 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 January 2019 / Revised: 9 March 2019 / Accepted: 11 March 2019 / Published: 14 March 2019
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Abstract

Mental health problems during adolescence are becoming increasingly frequent. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the total impact of selected behavioural and environmental factors on the variability of mental well-being indexes of young people aged 15 to 17 years. The survey, conducted as part of the last round of the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) 2017/18 study, covered 3693 secondary school students in Poland at the average age of 16.53 years (SD = 1.09). Dependent variables: depression (CES-DC), stress (Cohen scale), satisfaction with life (Cantril’s Ladder), and self-efficacy in social relations (Smith and Betz scale). Independent variables included: physical activity; sedentary behaviours; length of sleep; and perception of the environment in which the respondent was raised. The analyses were adjusted by gender, age, and occurrence of chronic disease. It was demonstrated that gender, duration of sleep, and perception of the surrounding environment proved to be significant predictors of all four mental health indicators. The protective influence of physical activity appeared to be a particular advantage in a less-supportive environment. The intervention programmes aimed at improving the mental well-being of young people should include promoting physical activity and sufficient sleep; furthermore, environmental moderators should be taken into consideration. View Full-Text
Keywords: well-being; adolescents; physical activity; sleep; sedentary activities well-being; adolescents; physical activity; sleep; sedentary activities
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Kleszczewska, D.; Szkutnik, A.M.; Siedlecka, J.; Mazur, J. Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviours and Duration of Sleep as Factors Affecting the Well-Being of Young People against the Background of Environmental Moderators. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 915.

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