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Obesity and Urban Environments

School of Geography, Queen Mary University of London, Mile End Rd, E1 4NS London, UK
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(3), 464; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16030464
Received: 22 January 2019 / Accepted: 2 February 2019 / Published: 5 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Obesity and Urban Environments)
Obesity is a major public health issue, affecting both developed and developing societies. Obesity increases the risk for heart disease, stroke, some cancers, and type II diabetes. While individual behaviours are important risk factors, impacts on obesity and overweight of the urban physical and social environment have figured large in the recent epidemiological literature, though evidence is incomplete and from a limited range of countries. Prominent among identified environmental influences are urban layout and sprawl, healthy food access, exercise access, and the neighbourhood social environment. This paper reviews the literature and highlights the special issue contributions within that literature. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; urban configuration; sprawl; food desert; fast food; exercise access; social environment obesity; urban configuration; sprawl; food desert; fast food; exercise access; social environment
MDPI and ACS Style

Congdon, P. Obesity and Urban Environments. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 464. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16030464

AMA Style

Congdon P. Obesity and Urban Environments. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(3):464. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16030464

Chicago/Turabian Style

Congdon, Peter. 2019. "Obesity and Urban Environments" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 3: 464. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16030464

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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