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Open AccessArticle

Psychosocial Profile and Reproductive Decisions of Women Undergoing Pregnancy Termination for Medical Reasons—A Cross-Sectional Study

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I Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Center of Postgraduate Medical Education, 01-004 Warsaw, Poland
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Unit of Psychodiagnostics and Clinical Psychology, University of Catania, 95124 Catania, Italy
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II Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Center of Postgraduate Medical Education, 01-809 Warsaw, Poland
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Faculty of Clinical Health Psychology Jagiellonian University Medical College, 31-126 Krakow, Poland
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Faculty of Psychology, University of Economics and Human Sciences, 01-043 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(18), 3413; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16183413
Received: 15 August 2019 / Revised: 11 September 2019 / Accepted: 11 September 2019 / Published: 14 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Women's Reproductive and Maternal Health)
Background: The study aims to define the profile of women who decide to exercise their right to terminate a pregnancy and their future reproductive plans. Methods: Patients found eligible for termination for medical reasons between 2014 and 2016 were asked to complete an anonymous survey consisting of sixty questions examining the determinants of the decision to terminate a pregnancy. In total, 150 completed surveys were returned (62.5%). Results: Environmental factors, such as age, education, place of residence, marital status and financial status did not affect the decision-making process. The majority of the respondents were females under 35 years of age (71.3%). In most cases, the pregnancies had been planned and long-awaited (62.7%). The study also indicated that 22.6% of the patients who had been against abortion changed their mind when they encountered problems themselves. In addition, 20% of them changed their views on the acceptability of abortion. Termination had an impact on the participants future reproductive plans. Eighteen percent of the patients said they were definitely not planning more pregnancies. The majority (84.09%) of these women said that the reason was the traumatic experiences related to their pregnancy. Conclusions: The personal experience of a pregnancy termination procedure changed women’s opinions about pregnancy termination and modified further reproductive plans. View Full-Text
Keywords: pregnancy termination; abortion; fetal defects; psychosocial profile; decision determinant; choice pregnancy termination; abortion; fetal defects; psychosocial profile; decision determinant; choice
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Zaręba, K.; La Rosa, V.L.; Ciebiera, M.; Makara-Studzińska, M.; Gierus, J.; Jakiel, G. Psychosocial Profile and Reproductive Decisions of Women Undergoing Pregnancy Termination for Medical Reasons—A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3413.

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