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Open AccessArticle

Turnover Intention and Its Related Factors of Employed Doctors in Korea

Research Institute for Healthcare Policy, Korean Medical Association, Seoul 04373, Korea
Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Konkuk University, Seoul 05029, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(14), 2509;
Received: 15 April 2019 / Revised: 28 June 2019 / Accepted: 12 July 2019 / Published: 14 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Current Status of Medical Doctors in Korea)
PDF [276 KB, uploaded 14 July 2019]


Employment turnover among doctors at healthcare facilities negatively influences healthcare provision, facility management, and staffing. To support institutional and policy change, turnover intentions and its related factors of employed doctors were evaluated with 2016 Korean Physician Survey (n = 2719) in Korea. About 30.5% intended a turnover within two years. The significant related factors by multivariate analysis via binary logistic regression were gender, age, specialty, type of facility, length of current employment, usual number of hours worked per week, and income satisfaction. The odds of reporting turnover intention are 46.2% greater for males than females and 55.5% greater for aged 30–39 than aged 40–49. The odds are 28.9% smaller for support medicine than internal medicine. The odds are 224.2% greater for those employed at tertiary hospitals than those employed at clinics, but the odds are 34.0% smaller for convalescent hospital employment than general hospital employment. The number of years of current employment and income satisfaction each negatively, and the number of hours worked per week positively, related to turnover intentions. Fair compensation and performance evaluation systems and reasonable working hours should be guaranteed at healthcare facilities to reduce turnover, and institutional and policy measures should be implemented to improve workplace environmental quality. View Full-Text
Keywords: employed doctor; turnover intentions; Korean Physician Survey employed doctor; turnover intentions; Korean Physician Survey
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Oh, S.; Kim, H. Turnover Intention and Its Related Factors of Employed Doctors in Korea. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2509.

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