Next Article in Journal
Turnover Intention and Its Related Factors of Employed Doctors in Korea
Next Article in Special Issue
The Analysis of Dental Treatment under General Anaesthesia in Medically Compromised and Healthy Children
Previous Article in Journal
ATR–FTIR Spectral Analysis and Soluble Components of PM10 And PM2.5 Particulate Matter over the Urban Area of Palermo (Italy) during Normal Days and Saharan Events
Previous Article in Special Issue
Early Childhood Oral Health and Nutrition in Urban and Rural Nepal
Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

A Qualitative Study of Child Nutrition and Oral Health in El Salvador

School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(14), 2508; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16142508
Received: 6 June 2019 / Revised: 27 June 2019 / Accepted: 10 July 2019 / Published: 14 July 2019
The nutrition transition from traditional diets to processed snacks and sugary beverages has contributed to a higher burden of child malnutrition, obesity, and tooth decay. While child health interventions typically promote nutritious eating, they rarely promote oral health. Mothers’ motivations for child nutrition and oral health practices need to be better understood. A convenience sample of 102 mothers in eight rural Salvadoran communities participated in focus groups addressing child nutrition and oral health. Focus groups were transcribed and coded using qualitative content analysis. Primary themes included generational changes in health environments; health knowledge, attitudes, and practices; and access and barriers to health services. Mothers noted general improvements in awareness of oral hygiene but poorer child oral health, which they attributed to widespread sales of unhealthy snacks and beverages near schools. Distance and cost limited families’ access to dental services. Knowledge gaps included the belief that oral iron supplements cause tooth decay, uncertainty regarding when to start tooth brushing, and until when parents should help children brush. Maternal-child health programs should emphasize the adverse health consequences of feeding young children processed snacks and sugary drinks, and promote dental care access and regulations to ensure health-promoting environments surrounding schools. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutrition; oral health; nutrition transition; children’s health; barriers to care; El Salvador nutrition; oral health; nutrition transition; children’s health; barriers to care; El Salvador
MDPI and ACS Style

Achalu, P.; Zahid, N.; Sherry, D.N.; Chang, A.; Sokal-Gutierrez, K. A Qualitative Study of Child Nutrition and Oral Health in El Salvador. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2508.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop