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Open AccessArticle

Specializing Nurses as An Indirect Education Program for Stoma Patients

Department of Applied & Structural Economics and History, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Campus de Somosaguas, 28223 Pozuelo de Alarcón, Madrid, Spain
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(13), 2272; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16132272
Received: 17 May 2019 / Revised: 21 June 2019 / Accepted: 23 June 2019 / Published: 27 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Health Economics)
Education programs are beneficial for patients with different chronic conditions. Prior studies have examined direct education, where information is transferred directly to patients. In contrast, in this program, information is transferred directly to nurses who become specialists and transfer education individually to patients. Hence, this paper evaluates the impact of having specialist nurses for stoma patients at hospitals, as those nurses provide healthcare to patients but also inform and educate patients about their condition and needs. The analysis uses an observational study with ostomized patients in Spain at hospitals with and without specialist nurses, and measures health service utilization and health-related quality of life (HRQL), besides performing a cost analysis and a cost-effectiveness analysis at both types of hospitals. The results show that patients with access to specialist nurses self-manage better, present lower adverse events and a better evolution of HRQL, and significantly demand more consultations with specialist nurses and less to A&E, primary care or specialists, resulting in important savings for the health system. Consequently, specializing or hiring nurses to provide indirect education to stoma patients is cost-effective and highly beneficial for patients. This type of indirect education strategy might be considered for specific conditions with low incidence or difficulties in identifying target patients or delivering information directly to them. View Full-Text
Keywords: patient education; program evaluation; specialist nurse; stoma care; cost-effectiveness patient education; program evaluation; specialist nurse; stoma care; cost-effectiveness
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MDPI and ACS Style

García-Goñi, M. Specializing Nurses as An Indirect Education Program for Stoma Patients. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2272. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16132272

AMA Style

García-Goñi M. Specializing Nurses as An Indirect Education Program for Stoma Patients. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(13):2272. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16132272

Chicago/Turabian Style

García-Goñi, Manuel. 2019. "Specializing Nurses as An Indirect Education Program for Stoma Patients" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 13: 2272. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16132272

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