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Open AccessArticle

From Neighboring Behavior to Mental Health in the Community: The Role of Gender and Work-Family Conflict

1
School of Management, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
2
School of Economics and Management, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China
3
Department of Construction Management, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650500, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(12), 2101; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16122101
Received: 15 May 2019 / Revised: 4 June 2019 / Accepted: 10 June 2019 / Published: 13 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Community-Centred Approaches to Public Health)
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Abstract

This research emphasizes the potential influences of social community environments on low-income employees’ mental health. Using a two-wave panel design, we collect 218 matched data from low-income employees in Harbin City, China. We developed a moderated mediation model to test our hypotheses with the following significant results: (1) neighboring behavior, defined as both giving and receiving various kinds of assistance to and from one’s neighbors, positively influenced mental health; (2) work-family conflict mediated the relationship between neighboring behavior and mental health; (3) gender moderated the influences of neighboring behavior on mental health, such that neighboring behavior had a stronger positive influence on mental health for females than for males; (4) gender moderated the mediating effect of work-family conflict; that is, the positive influences of neighboring behavior were stronger for female employees than for male employees. This research explores the mechanism and boundary conditions of the relationship between neighboring behavior and mental health. In practice, community managers support community social workers by organizing community-building social activities and supportive programs to enhance residents’ neighboring behavior. View Full-Text
Keywords: neighboring behavior; mental health; gender; work-family conflict; community neighboring behavior; mental health; gender; work-family conflict; community
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Zhang, Z.; Zhang, L.; Zu, X.; Liu, T.; Zheng, J. From Neighboring Behavior to Mental Health in the Community: The Role of Gender and Work-Family Conflict. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2101.

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