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A Brief Introduction to the Multidimensional Intercultural Training Acculturation Model (MITA) for Middle Eastern Adolescent Refugees

Zentrum für Klinische Psychologie und Rehabilitation, Universität Bremen, Grazer Str. 6, 28359 Bremen, Germany
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(7), 1516; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071516
Received: 11 June 2018 / Revised: 12 July 2018 / Accepted: 13 July 2018 / Published: 18 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Refugee, Migrant and Ethnic Minority Health)
The large number of adolescent refugees around the world constitutes a great challenge for societies. However, current models of acculturation have been developed for migrants, but not specifically for adolescent refugees. Crucial factors to describe adolescent refugee acculturation, such as intentions to return to their homeland, especially with respect to adolescent refugees with temporary residency and experiences of potentially traumatic events, are missing. Hence, the Multidimensional Intercultural Training Acculturation (MITA) model is introduced. The model proposes that two major concerns for adolescent refugees, which are socio-cultural adjustment and mental health, are predicted by intercultural and social–emotional competence, intentions to return to their homeland, and experiences of traumatic events. Moreover, the effects of three modes of acculturation are also proposed in the model. It is expected that these variables mediate the effects of intercultural competence, social–emotional competence, intentions to return to the homeland, and experiences of traumatic events on socio-cultural adjustment as well as mental health. Finally, it is also expected that in-group social support and out-group social support moderate the direct connection between the experiences of traumatic events and mental health. View Full-Text
Keywords: multidimensional intercultural training acculturation model (MITA); intercultural competence; traumatic events; mental health; Middle Eastern refugee adolescents multidimensional intercultural training acculturation model (MITA); intercultural competence; traumatic events; mental health; Middle Eastern refugee adolescents
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Fathi, A.; El-Awad, U.; Reinelt, T.; Petermann, F. A Brief Introduction to the Multidimensional Intercultural Training Acculturation Model (MITA) for Middle Eastern Adolescent Refugees. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1516.

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