Next Article in Journal
Analysis of the Evolution Game of Construction and Demolition Waste Recycling Behavior Based on Prospect Theory under Environmental Regulation
Next Article in Special Issue
Critical Success Factors (CSFs) for the Adaptive Reuse of Industrial Buildings in Hong Kong
Previous Article in Journal
A Brief Introduction to the Multidimensional Intercultural Training Acculturation Model (MITA) for Middle Eastern Adolescent Refugees
Previous Article in Special Issue
Does the Effort Meet the Challenge in Promoting Low-Carbon City?—A Perspective of Global Practice
Open AccessArticle

Stampede Prevention Design of Primary School Buildings in China: A Sustainable Built Environment Perspective

1
School of Management, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China
2
School of Information and Safety Engineering, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, Wuhan 430073, China
3
Institute of Finance, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(7), 1517; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071517
Received: 26 June 2018 / Revised: 8 July 2018 / Accepted: 16 July 2018 / Published: 18 July 2018
In China, crowd stampede accidents usually take place within crowded areas in middle and primary schools. The crowd stampede risk is particularly related to the architectural design such as the staircase design, the layout of crowded places, obstacles, etc. Through the investigation of building design in several primary schools, the relationship between the sustainable layout of crowded places (e.g., toilets, canteens, playgrounds, staircases) and the crowd stampede risk of students are introduced via agent-based simulations. In particular, different experimental scenarios are conducted on stairs in the primary buildings. The evacuation processes are recorded by video camera and spatial stepping characteristics (e.g., foot clearance, step length, mass center, the distance between the mass center and ankle, and etc.) are extracted from the video. Dynamic steady ability is investigated by adopting the margin of stability, quantified by the instantaneous difference between the edge of the base of support and extrapolated vertical projection of the mass center. Based on the sustainable built environment principles and historical data of students, this paper focuses on an in-depth analysis of the staircase design aiming at preventing the crowd stampede risk. View Full-Text
Keywords: stampede prevention; sustainable layout; sustainable built environment; dynamic steady ability; step depth stampede prevention; sustainable layout; sustainable built environment; dynamic steady ability; step depth
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Xie, K.; Song, Y.; Liu, J.; Liang, B.; Liu, X. Stampede Prevention Design of Primary School Buildings in China: A Sustainable Built Environment Perspective. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1517.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop