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Open AccessReview

Possible Biological Mechanisms Linking Mental Health and Heat—A Contemplative Review

by Mare Lõhmus 1,2
1
Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Stockholm County Council, Solnavägen 4, 113 65 Stockholm, Sweden
2
Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Nobels väg 13, 17177 Solna, Sweden
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(7), 1515; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071515
Received: 18 June 2018 / Revised: 9 July 2018 / Accepted: 17 July 2018 / Published: 18 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
This review provides examples of possible biological mechanisms that could, at least partly, explain the existing epidemiological evidence of heatwave-related exacerbation of mental disease morbidity. The author reviews the complicated central processes involved in the challenge of maintaining a stable body temperature in hot environments, and the maladaptive effects of certain psychiatric medicines on thermoregulation. In addition, the author discusses some alternative mechanisms, such as interrupted functional brain connectivity and the effect of disrupted sleep, which may further increase the vulnerability of mental health patients during heatwaves. View Full-Text
Keywords: heatwave; mental health; thermoregulation; neuroimaging; sleep heatwave; mental health; thermoregulation; neuroimaging; sleep
MDPI and ACS Style

Lõhmus, M. Possible Biological Mechanisms Linking Mental Health and Heat—A Contemplative Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1515.

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