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Open AccessArticle

A Cross-Disciplinary Successful Aging Intervention and Evaluation: Comparison of Person-to-Person and Digital-Assisted Approaches

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Department of Health Care Administration, Asia University, Taichung 41354, Taiwan
2
Department of Medical Sociology and Social Work, Chung Shang Medical University, Taichung 40201, Taiwan
3
Department of Human Development and Family Studies, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei 10610, Taiwan
4
Department of Radiation Oncology, Chung-Kang Branch, Cheng-Ching General Hospital, Taichung 40764, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(5), 913; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15050913
Received: 14 April 2018 / Revised: 29 April 2018 / Accepted: 2 May 2018 / Published: 4 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Aging and Public Health)
Background: Successful aging has been the paradigm of old-age life. The purpose of this study was to implement and evaluate a cross-disciplinary intervention program using two approaches for community-based older adults in Taichung, Taiwan. Methods: The content of the intervention included successful aging concepts and preparation, physical activity, chronic disease and health management, dietary and nutrition information, cognitive training, emotional awareness and coping skills, family relationship and resilience, legal concepts regarding financial protection, and Internet use. The traditional person-to-person (P2P) intervention approach was implemented among participants at urban centers, and the personal-and-digital (P&D) intervention approach was implemented among participants at rural centers; before the P&D group received the intervention, participants were assessed as the control group for comparison. Results: Healthy behavior and nutrition improved for the P2P group, although not significantly. Strategies for adapting to old age and reducing ineffective coping were significantly improved in the P2P group. The ability to search for health information improved in the P&D group, and knowledge of finance-related law increased in the P2P group. Conclusion: A continuous, well-designed and evidence-based intervention program is beneficial for improving the health of older adults, or at least delaying its decline. View Full-Text
Keywords: cross-disciplinary; health promotion; intervention; successful aging cross-disciplinary; health promotion; intervention; successful aging
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Hsu, H.-C.; Kuo, T.; Lin, J.-P.; Hsu, W.-C.; Yu, C.-W.; Chen, Y.-C.; Xie, W.-Z.; Hsu, W.-C.; Hsu, Y.-L.; Yu, M.-T. A Cross-Disciplinary Successful Aging Intervention and Evaluation: Comparison of Person-to-Person and Digital-Assisted Approaches. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 913.

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