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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(10), 2274; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102274

Correlates of Sedentary Behaviour in Adults with Intellectual Disabilities—A Systematic Review

1
Department of General Practice, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, P.O. Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
2
Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition, University of Illinois, 1919 W. Taylor St., Chicago, IL 60612-7256, USA
3
Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Tomtebodavägen 18A, S-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
4
Institute for Biomedicine of Ageing, FAU Erlangen-Nürnberg, Kobergerstr. 60, 90408 Nürnberg, Germany
5
Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, P.O. Box 35, FI-40014 Jyväskylä, Finland
6
Faculty of Psychology, Education and Sports Sciences Blanquerna, Ramon Llull University, C. Císter 34, 08022 Barcelona, Spain
7
School of Health and Life Sciences, Glasgow Caledonian University, Cowcaddens Road, Glasgow G4 0BA, UK
8
Department of Physiotherapy, University of Málaga, Av/Arquitecto Peñalosa, 3, 29071 Malaga, Spain
9
Faculty of Health Sciences Blanquerna, Ramon Llull University, c. Padilla 326-332, 08025 Barcelona, Spain
10
Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Education Sciences, University of Cádiz, Calle Ancha, 16, 11001 Cádiz, Spain
11
Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Education, Universidad Central de Chile, Edificio Vicente Kovacevic II, Avda. Santa Isabel 1278, Santiago de Chile 8320000, Chile
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School of Science and Engineering, University of Reykjavik, Menntavegur 1, 101 Reykjavík, Iceland
13
Finnish Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, Viljatie 4 A, 00700 Helsinki, Finland
14
Institute of Health and Wellbeing, University of Glasgow, 1055 Great Western Road, Glasgow G12 0XH, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 July 2018 / Revised: 31 August 2018 / Accepted: 12 October 2018 / Published: 17 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
Full-Text   |   PDF [677 KB, uploaded 17 October 2018]   |  

Abstract

Individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) are at high risk for high levels of sedentary behaviour. To inform the development of programmes to reduce sedentary behaviour, insight into the correlates is needed. Therefore, the aim of this study is to review the evidence on correlates of sedentary behaviour in adults with ID. We performed a systematic literature search in Ovid Medline, Ovid Embase, Web of Science and Google Scholar up to 19 January 2018, resulting in nine included studies that were published from 2011 to 2018. Correlates were categorized according to the ecological model. Studies predominantly focused on individual level correlates. Of those correlates studied in more than one study, having epilepsy was associated with less sedentary behaviour and inconsistent results were found for sex, genetic syndromes, weight status, physical health, mobility, level of ID, and mental health. Of the few interpersonal and environmental factors studied, only living arrangements were studied in more than one study, with inconsistent results. To date, we have limited and inconclusive evidence about correlates of sedentary behaviour in adults with ID. Only when future studies unravel correlates and determinants, across all domains of the ecological model, will the potential opportunities to improve health by reducing sedentary behaviour come within reach. View Full-Text
Keywords: sedentary lifestyle; physical inactivity; determinants; health promotion; developmental disabilities sedentary lifestyle; physical inactivity; determinants; health promotion; developmental disabilities
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Oppewal, A.; Hilgenkamp, T.I.M.; Schäfer Elinder, L.; Freiberger, E.; Rintala, P.; Guerra-Balic, M.; Giné-Garriga, M.; Cuesta-Vargas, A.; Oviedo, G.R.; Sansano-Nadal, O.; Izquierdo-Gómez, R.; Einarsson, I.; Teittinen, A.; Melville, C.A. Correlates of Sedentary Behaviour in Adults with Intellectual Disabilities—A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2274.

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