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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(10), 2273; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102273

The Impact on the Ecosystem Services Value of the Ecological Shelter Zone Reconstruction in the Upper Reaches Basin of the Yangtze River in China

1
State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research (IWHR), Beijing 10038, China
2
Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Tsinghua University (THU), Beijing 100084, China
3
College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, China
4
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
5
JiLin Province Water Resources and Hydropower Consultaive Company of P R China, Changchun 130021, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 August 2018 / Revised: 7 October 2018 / Accepted: 12 October 2018 / Published: 16 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Aquatic Ecosystem Health)
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Abstract

With regional socio-economic development and increasing population, the structure and function of terrestrial ecosystem environments on the earth’s surface have changed markedly. Ecological shelter zone reconstruction (ESZR) is an ecosystem restoration and conservation project, which aims to ensure the safety of the ecological environments of—regions and basins. We selected the upper reaches of the Yangtze River (from Yibin to Chongqing) as the study area and determined the connotation of ESZR. At the same time, the planning scope and construction content of the ecological barrier in this specific region have been preliminarily explored. Meanwhile, a set of related planning methods was proposed, the ecological effects of which were quantitatively assessed and confirmed through the calculation of ESVs. Compared with the conditions in 2005, the study showed that the value of the services of the whole ecosystem augmented significantly under the slope classification, increasing by 103.23%. At the same time, the land use pattern has been optimized, and the vegetation coverage has been enhanced. The ESZR can effectively improve the ecosystem service function of slope land (mainly slope > 25°) and the regional ecological environment, solve the rocky desertification of the study area and provide an effective decision in relation to supporting regional green sustainable development. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecological shelter zone reconstruction (ESZR); remote sensing; land use; the ecosystem service value (ESV); sustainable development ecological shelter zone reconstruction (ESZR); remote sensing; land use; the ecosystem service value (ESV); sustainable development
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Yu, Z.; Qin, T.; Yan, D.; Yang, M.; Yu, H.; Shi, W. The Impact on the Ecosystem Services Value of the Ecological Shelter Zone Reconstruction in the Upper Reaches Basin of the Yangtze River in China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2273.

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