Next Article in Journal
Comprehensive Performance Evaluation for Hydrological and Nutrients Simulation Using the Hydrological Simulation Program–Fortran in a Mesoscale Monsoon Watershed, China
Next Article in Special Issue
Climate Change Risk Perception in Taiwan: Correlation with Individual and Societal Factors
Previous Article in Journal
Outcomes in the Utilization of Single Percutaneous Cholecystostomy in a Low-Income Population
Previous Article in Special Issue
Health Co-Benefits of Green Building Design Strategies and Community Resilience to Urban Flooding: A Systematic Review of the Evidence
Article

An Evidence-Based Review of Impacts, Strategies and Tools to Mitigate Urban Heat Islands

1
HAW Hamburg, Faculty of Life Sciences, Research and Transfer Centre “Sustainable Development and Climate Change Management”, Ulmenliet 20, D-21033 Hamburg, Germany
2
School of Science and the Environment, Manchester Metropolitan University, Chester Street, Manchester M1 5GD, UK
3
Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, Delft University of Technology, Julianalaan 134, 2628 BL Delft, The Netherlands
4
Institute of Energy Policy and Research (IEPRe), Universiti Tenaga Nasional (UNITEN), 43000 Kajang, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(12), 1600; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14121600
Received: 18 October 2017 / Revised: 4 December 2017 / Accepted: 4 December 2017 / Published: 19 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change and Health: An Interdisciplinary Perspective)
The impacts of climate changes on cities, which are home to over half of the world’s population, are already being felt. In many cases, the intensive speed with which urban centres have been growing means that little attention has been paid to the role played by climatic factors in maintaining quality of life. Among the negative consequences of rapid city growth is the expansion of the problems posed by urban heat islands (UHIs), defined as areas in a city that are much warmer than other sites, especially in comparison with rural areas. This paper analyses the consistency of the UHI-related literature in three stages: first it outlines its characteristics and impacts in a wide variety of cities around the world, which poses pressures to public health in many different countries. Then it introduces strategies which may be employed in order to reduce its effects, and finally it analyses available tools to systematize the initial high level assessment of the phenomenon for multidisciplinary teams involved in the urban planning process. The analysis of literature on the characteristics, impacts, strategies and digital tools to assess on the UHI, reveals the wide variety of parameters, methods, tools and strategies analysed and suggested in the different studies, which does not always allow to compare or standardize the diagnosis or solutions. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; urban heat islands; cities-urban; health models climate change; urban heat islands; cities-urban; health models
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Leal Filho, W.; Echevarria Icaza, L.; Emanche, V.O.; Quasem Al-Amin, A. An Evidence-Based Review of Impacts, Strategies and Tools to Mitigate Urban Heat Islands. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1600. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14121600

AMA Style

Leal Filho W, Echevarria Icaza L, Emanche VO, Quasem Al-Amin A. An Evidence-Based Review of Impacts, Strategies and Tools to Mitigate Urban Heat Islands. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2017; 14(12):1600. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14121600

Chicago/Turabian Style

Leal Filho, Walter, Leyre Echevarria Icaza, Victoria O. Emanche, and Abul Quasem Al-Amin. 2017. "An Evidence-Based Review of Impacts, Strategies and Tools to Mitigate Urban Heat Islands" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 14, no. 12: 1600. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14121600

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop