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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(10), 1099; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14101099

Comparison of Patterns of Use of Unrecorded and Recorded Spirits: Survey of Adult Drinkers in Rural Central China

1
Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430073, China
2
Department of Educational Psychology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68588, USA
3
Chinese Center for Health Education (CCHE), Beijing 100011, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Icro Maremmani
Received: 27 July 2017 / Revised: 15 September 2017 / Accepted: 19 September 2017 / Published: 22 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
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Abstract

About 70% of the beverage alcohol consumed in China annually is spirits. Recorded spirits make up most spirit consumption, but about 25% of total alcohol consumption (1.7 L pure alcohol per capita annually) is unrecorded spirits (bai jiu), either homemade or made in unregulated distilleries. In some parts of China, the consumption of unrecorded spirits is higher than average. This paper compares the patterns of use of unrecorded distilled spirits and recorded distilled spirits among rural residents in Central China. Interviews were conducted with 3298 individuals in 21 towns/villages in 10 counties in the Hubei, Anhui, and Hebei provinces in the People’s Republic of China. Unrecorded bai jiu drinkers chose it because of its taste and its low price. It was consumed mostly by older men, mostly at home with family, more regularly and at higher alcohol by volume (ABV) compared to recorded alcohol. Recorded bai jiu drinkers were more likely to drink away from their homes, consumed more bai jiu at memorable drinking occasions, and reported feeling sick after drinking more often than unrecorded bai jiu drinkers. This comparison of patterns of use of unrecorded bai jiu and recorded bai jiu does not suggest that unrecorded bai jiu is more problematic for drinkers. View Full-Text
Keywords: grain spirits; distilled spirits; bai jiu; noncommercial alcohol; unrecorded alcohol; drinking patterns; alcohol preferences; gender differences grain spirits; distilled spirits; bai jiu; noncommercial alcohol; unrecorded alcohol; drinking patterns; alcohol preferences; gender differences
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Wei, S.; Yin, P.; Newman, I.M.; Qian, L.; Shell, D.F.; Yuen, L.-W. Comparison of Patterns of Use of Unrecorded and Recorded Spirits: Survey of Adult Drinkers in Rural Central China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1099.

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