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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(9), 861;

Analysis of the Influence of Construction Insulation Systems on Public Safety in China

Faculty of Safety Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221008, China
Key Laboratory of Building Fire Protection Engineering and Technology of Ministry of Public Security of the People’s Republic of China, Tianjin 300000, China
Department of Flow, Heat and Combustion Mechanics, Ghent University, Brussels B-1000, Belium
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Albert P. C. Chan and Wen Yi
Received: 1 June 2016 / Revised: 13 July 2016 / Accepted: 22 July 2016 / Published: 30 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Effecting a Safe and Healthy Environment in Construction)
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With the Government of China’s proposed Energy Efficiency Regulations (GB40411-2007), the implementation of external insulation systems will be mandatory in China. The frequent external insulation system fires cause huge numbers of casualties and extensive property damage and have rapidly become a new hot issue in construction evacuation safety in China. This study attempts to reconstruct an actual fire scene and propose a quantitative risk assessment method for upward insulation system fires using thermal analysis tests and large eddy simulations (using the Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) software). Firstly, the pyrolysis and combustion characteristics of Extruded polystyrene board (XPS panel), such as ignition temperature, combustion heat, limiting oxygen index, thermogravimetric analysis and thermal radiation analysis were studied experimentally. Based on these experimental data, large eddy simulation was then applied to reconstruct insulation system fires. The results show that upward insulation system fires could be accurately reconstructed by using thermal analysis test and large eddy simulation. The spread of insulation material system fires in the vertical direction is faster than that in the horizontal direction. Moreover, we also find that there is a possibility of flashover in enclosures caused by insulation system fires as the smoke temperature exceeds 600 °C. The simulation methods and experimental results obtained in this paper could provide valuable references for fire evacuation, hazard assessment and fire resistant construction design studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: fire spread; XPS panels; public safety; risk assessment fire spread; XPS panels; public safety; risk assessment

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Zhang, G.; Zhu, G.; Zhao, G. Analysis of the Influence of Construction Insulation Systems on Public Safety in China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 861.

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