A Review on the Respiratory System Toxicity of Carbon Nanoparticles
AbstractThe respiratory system represents the main gateway for nanoparticles’ entry into the human body. Although there is a myriad of engineered nanoparticles, carbon nanoparticles/nanotubes (CNPs/CNTs) have received much attention mainly due to their light weight, very high surface area, durability, and their diverse applications. Since their discovery and manufacture over two decades ago, much has been learned about nanoparticles’ interactions with diverse biological system models. In particular, the respiratory system has been of great interest because various natural and man-made fibrous particles are known to be responsible for chronic and debilitating lung diseases. In this review, we present up-to-date the literature regarding the effects of CNTs or carbon nanofibers (CNFs) on the human respiratory system with respect to respiratory toxicity pathways and associated pathologies. This article is intended to emphasize the potentially dangerous effects to the human respiratory system if inadequate measures are used in the manufacture, handling, and preparation and applications of CNP or CNP-based products. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Pacurari, M.; Lowe, K.; Tchounwou, P.B.; Kafoury, R. A Review on the Respiratory System Toxicity of Carbon Nanoparticles. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 325.
Pacurari M, Lowe K, Tchounwou PB, Kafoury R. A Review on the Respiratory System Toxicity of Carbon Nanoparticles. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2016; 13(3):325.Chicago/Turabian Style
Pacurari, Maricica; Lowe, Kristine; Tchounwou, Paul B.; Kafoury, Ramzi. 2016. "A Review on the Respiratory System Toxicity of Carbon Nanoparticles." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 13, no. 3: 325.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.