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Impact of Traumatic Dental Injury on the Quality of Life of Brazilian Preschool Children
Department of Dentistry, School of Dentistry, State University of Paraíba, Av. das Baraúnas, 351, Campina Grande, Paraiba 58109753, Brazil
Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontic, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Av. Antônio Carlos, 6627 Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais 31270901, Brazil
These authors contributed equally to this work.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 July 2013; in revised form: 18 October 2013 / Accepted: 8 November 2013 / Published: 28 November 2013
Abstract: This study aimed to assess the impact of traumatic dental injury (TDI) on the quality of life of preschoolers and their families. A cross-sectional study was carried out, with a sample of 814 children, aged three to five years old, in Campina Grande, Brazil. Parents/caregivers were asked to complete the Brazilian Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale and a questionnaire on socio-demographic data. Oral examinations of the children were performed by three previously calibrated dentists. Bivariate and multiple Poisson regression analyses were performed (α = 5%). The prevalence of negative impact from oral conditions on quality of life was 31.1% among the children and 24.7% among the families. TDI was not associated with a negative impact on quality of life. Parent/caregiver’s assessment of the child’s oral health (PR = 1.210; 95% CI: 1.027–1.426) and history of toothache (PR = 4.997; 95% CI: 2.943–8.493) remained in the final model for the child section, whereas only a history of toothache (PR = 2.791; 95% CI: 1.801–4.325) remained in the final model for the family section. TDI exerted no negative impact on quality of life in the present sample. A history of toothache was the only variable associated with a negative impact on the quality of life of the preschoolers and their families.
Keywords: quality of life; tooth injuries; child
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Siqueira, M.B.; Firmino, R.T.; Clementino, M.A.; Martins, C.C.; Granville-Garcia, A.F.; Paiva, S.M. Impact of Traumatic Dental Injury on the Quality of Life of Brazilian Preschool Children. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 6422-6441.
Siqueira MB, Firmino RT, Clementino MA, Martins CC, Granville-Garcia AF, Paiva SM. Impact of Traumatic Dental Injury on the Quality of Life of Brazilian Preschool Children. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(12):6422-6441.
Siqueira, Maria B.; Firmino, Ramon T.; Clementino, Marayza A.; Martins, Carolina C.; Granville-Garcia, Ana F.; Paiva, Saul M. 2013. "Impact of Traumatic Dental Injury on the Quality of Life of Brazilian Preschool Children." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 12: 6422-6441.